Heterostigma heudelotianum Gaudich.
Pandanus barterianus Rendle
Pandanus heudelotianus (Gaudich.) Balf.f.
Pandanus kamerunensis Warb.
Pandanus kerstingii Warb.
Pandanus leonensis H.L.Wendl.
Pandanus togoensis Warb.
Pandanus umbellatus Martelli
Pandanus unwinii Martelli
Growing plant at the Cascades de Banfora in Burkina Faso
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt
Pandanus candelabrum is a spiny, evergreen shrub or tree growing up to 9 metres tall with conspicuous stilt roots and a thorny bole that can be up to 25cm in diameter[
The leaves are commonly gathered from the wild and used to make baskets, mats etc. The plant is possibly also used as a local source of food. It is sometimes cultivated locally in damp places near village if it does not growl wild in the area[
West tropical Africa - Senegal to Gabon.
Gallery forests, usually along the sides of rivers and sometimes growing in the water. The trees can form almost impenetrable thickets at the edge of the more sluggishly flowing rivers which often impede navigation and have to be cut away[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.
Although no specific records have yet been seen for this species, most members of this genus have more or less edible fruits, seeds and inner leaf bases[
The cylindrical fruit is a syncarp made up of a number of individual drupes[
]. Individual drupes are hard, woody wedges - each containing a few, slender seeds[
]. Each wedge has a fleshy base imbued with a sweet-smelling, orange pulp that in many species has a delicious flavour[
]. This pulp needs to be cooked in order to destroy a deleterious substance[
The seed often has a delicious nutty flavour when eaten raw or cooked, though it is fiddly to extract[
]. Seeds contain 44 - 50% fat and 20 - 34% protein[
Inner base of young leaves - raw[
The leaves are made into mats[
]. Mats, baskets and sacks are produced from the one metre long leaves[
]. When dried, the leaves are used for making mats for wrapping goods as well as for sleeping-mats. In the Benin and Jekri country, thin receptacles around 60cm long are made which are used for holding salt, which is sold in these bags in the market. The bag keeps the salt dry[
A fibre is obtained from the brace roots[
The fibre (the report does not specify which part of the plant the fibre comes from) is very tough, apparently very durable, and of moderate length, averaging around 90cm[
The stem is very porous when dry, and cannot be said to yield timber, although the cork-like material might serve for a
light substitute for it[
Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
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