Common Name: Kaun
Pandanus brosimos is an evergreen tree, sometimes unbranched otherwise with a few branches near the top; it can grow up to 25 metres tall. The stem is very straight, around 35cm in diameter, and there is a cluster of slender prop-roots up to 1 metre long at the base. Clusters of erect, prickly, sword-like leaves are produced near the tops of stems[
The plant is sometimes cultivated in the highlands of New Guinea at elevations between 1,700 - 3.100 metres, and is also harvested from wild populations as a local source of food. Wild forms of this species are particularly valued as a food in New Guinea[
], and the plant is said to have significant commercial potential as a food crop[
Australasia - New Guinea.
Forests, often semi-cultivated, usually at elevations from 2,400 - 3,100 metres but sometimes descending to 1,800 metres.
|Cultivated, Semi-cultivated, Wild
Species in this genus generally grow well in most moist, well-dained soils and a sunny position[
Fruiting is seasonal, often with good crops occurring every second year[
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.
Seeds - raw or cooked[
]. Rich in oil[
]. The soft mesocarp is used as food[
The cylindrical fruit is a syncarp made up of a number of individual drupes[
]. Individual drupes are hard, woody wedges - each containing a few, slender seeds[
]. Each wedge has a fleshy base imbued with a sweet-smelling, orange pulp that in many species has a delicious flavour[
]. This pulp needs to be cooked in order to destroy a deleterious substance[
Although we have seen no specific records for this species, the leaves of most members of this genus are used locally for weaving a range of items such as mats, bags and baskets. The leaves, which are usually tough and fibrous, are long, narrow and sword-shaped and can easily be split into strips for weaving[
The leaves of this species can be up to 3.5 metres long and 18cm wide at the base.
Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
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