Fagara angolensis Engl.
Fagara attiensis Hutch. & Dalziel
Fagara beniensis Engl.
Fagara kelekete De Wild.
Fagara kibomboensis De Wild.
Fagara leprieurii (Guill. & Perr.) Engl.
Fagara nitens (Hiern) Engl.
Fagara olung Engl.
Fagara polyacantha Engl.
Fagara stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl.
Zanthoxylum nitens Hiern
Zanthoxylum stuhlmannii Engl.
Zanthoxylum leprieurii is a low-branching tree with aromatic leaves that forms a spreading crown and grows up to 24 metres tall, though it is often much shorter. The branches are prickled, these prickles becoming bosses on the bole[
]. The bole is relatively short, not very straight, and up to 1.5 metres in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for medicinal use, its timber and its branches, which are used as chewsticks.
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Uganda, south to Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and northeastern S. Africa.
Forest understorey, or beside streams in open country[
]. Submontane and montane forest in Tanzania[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms must be grown if seed is required.
The bark and roots are used as a medicine for treating rheumatism and generalized body pains[
The roots are used as chewing sticks to clean the mouth[
]. The roots usually give a warm, pungent and benumbing effect on the palate when chewed, and this aromatic warm taste with attendant profuse salivation is believed to be beneficial to the elderly and those with sore gums and other oral disease conditions.
The pale yellow wood is tough, medium coarse-grained and light[
]. It is used for canoes, boxes, plywood, general carpentry, domestic utensils, beehives and water pots[
]. The wood is also pulped for paper making[
], and is used for fuel[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[
]. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them until large enough to plant out.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood.
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots. Good percentage[
Suckers, removed when the plant is dormant, and planted direct into their permanent positions[
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