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Useful Tropical Plants

Zanthoxylum martinicense

(Lam.) DC.

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Fagara amoyensis (Tul.) Engl.

Fagara martinicensis Lam.

Zanthoxylum album Vahl

Zanthoxylum amoyense Tul.

Zanthoxylum juglandifolium Willd.

Zanthoxylum lanceolatum Poir.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Zanthoxylum martinicense is a fairly fast-growing, evergreen tree with a thin, spreading crown; it can reach a height of up to 20 metres. The bole can be up to 45cm in diameter. Both bole and branches are armed with thick, conical spines[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
,
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Northern S. America - Venezuela; Caribbean - Trinidad to Jamaica and Cuba.

Habitat

Found especially in secondary forest formations at elevations from sea level to 750 metres in Jamaica[
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees, Insects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


The plant requires overhead light[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
A fast-growing tree[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
Plants often flower and fruit all year round[
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is creamy to light brown, sometimes with a pronounced greenish blue; it is not readily distinguished from the lighter coloured sapwood. The wood is lustrous; fine and straight-grained; medium to fine textured; with a rancid odour when freshly worked[
471
Title
Puerto Rican Woods. Agriculture Handbook No. 205
Publication
 
Author
Longwood F.R.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; Washington
Year
1961
ISBN
 
Description
Descriptions of 60 timbers from Puerto Rica.
]. It is moderately heavy and hard; is not believed to be durable in contact with the ground, although specific information as to its vulnerability to decay is not available; very susceptible to dry-wood
termites, pinhole borers, and other insects[
471
Title
Puerto Rican Woods. Agriculture Handbook No. 205
Publication
 
Author
Longwood F.R.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; Washington
Year
1961
ISBN
 
Description
Descriptions of 60 timbers from Puerto Rica.
]. The wood works easily with either hand or power tools but produces only fair to poor results in most operations; torn grain and coarse fuzziness are common in shaping and turning; tearing and crushing are troublesome in boring and mortising; and considerable scratching and fuzziness occur in sanding unless a very fine abrasive paper is used. However, the wood has good resistance to screw splitting[
471
Title
Puerto Rican Woods. Agriculture Handbook No. 205
Publication
 
Author
Longwood F.R.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; Washington
Year
1961
ISBN
 
Description
Descriptions of 60 timbers from Puerto Rica.
]. Because of its plain appearance, difficulties in seasoning, and only fair working qualities, the wood is best suited for boxes, crates, general carpentry, low-grade furniture, light construction, concrete forms, and similar uses. However, with
considerable care in seasoning and machining, the better grades of this species could be used for interior trim, doors, window frames, and other types of interior construction. It might also be suitable for utility veneer and core stock[
471
Title
Puerto Rican Woods. Agriculture Handbook No. 205
Publication
 
Author
Longwood F.R.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; Washington
Year
1961
ISBN
 
Description
Descriptions of 60 timbers from Puerto Rica.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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