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Useful Tropical Plants

Simaba ferruginea

A.St.-Hil.

Simaroubaceae

+ Synonyms

Quassia ferruginea (A.St.-Hil.) D.Dietr.

Common Name: Calunga

Simaba ferruginea
Inflorescence
Photograph by: Ricardo A. S. Pontes
Creative Commons License
Simaba ferruginea Simaba ferruginea

General Information

Calunga is a large tree.
The roots and the bark are gathered from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - central, eastern and northeastern Brazil, Venezuela.

Habitat

Amazon rainforest, sub-arid forest and savannah[
518
Title
Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil.
Publication
 
Author
Botsaris A.S.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of plants that have traditionally been used to treat malaria.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark and the roots are antidiarrhoeal, very bitter, diuretic, eupeptic, febrifuge and tonic. They are used in the treatment of malaria, fevers, diarrhoea, dyspepsia and hydropsy[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
,
518
Title
Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil.
Publication
 
Author
Botsaris A.S.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of plants that have traditionally been used to treat malaria.
,
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].
The roots and bark are applied externally for reducing prolapse of the rectum and for cicatrizing wounds[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

A quassinoid isolated from Simaba sp showed activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro[
518
Title
Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil.
Publication
 
Author
Botsaris A.S.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of plants that have traditionally been used to treat malaria.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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