Quassia cuneata (A.St.-Hil. & Tul.) Noot.
Quassia floribunda (A.St.-Hil.) Noot.
Simaba cuneata A.St.-Hil. & Tul.
Simaba laevis Casar.
Simaba floribunda is an evergreen tree with a dense, globose crown, growing 3 - 6 metres tall. The short, cylindrical bole can be 15 - 25cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of fuel. It is a good pioneer species for use in coastal situations, both for restoring native woodland and also for establishing woodland gardens.
S. America - eastern and northeastern Brazil.
Atlantic and coastal rainforests, mainly close to the coast and often found growing in beach sand and on dunes where the soil is highly saline[
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Requires a sunny position[
]. Found in the wild mainly on very sandy soils that can contain high levels of salt[
]. Plants are likely to be very tolerant of salt-laden winds[
Young plants have a moderate rate of growth[
Fruit - raw. A thin, sweetish pulp[
]. The ovoid fruit can be 40mm long and 25mm wide, containing a single, large seed[
A small tree with a moderate rate of growth, it succeeds in sandy and salty soils by the coast, is tolerant of full sun, is easy to propagate and also provides food for the native fauna; it can be used as a pioneer species when restoring coastal forest or establishing a woodland garden in coastal areas[
The wood is coarse-textured, straight-grained, light in weight, easy to cut, susceptible to the attacks of wood-eating organisms. Because of its small size it is usually only employed as a fuel[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate in excess of 70% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 15 - 30 days[
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