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Useful Tropical Plants

Simaba cedron

Planch.

Simaroubaceae

+ Synonyms

Aruba cedron (Planch.) Kuntze

Quassia cedron (Planch.) D.Dietr.

Common Name: Cedron

Simaba cedron
Ripe fruits
Photograph by: Alex Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil
Creative Commons License
Simaba cedron Simaba cedron Simaba cedron Simaba cedron Simaba cedron Simaba cedron Simaba cedron Simaba cedron

General Information

Cedron is a semideciduous shrub or small tree with an elongated, sparse crown; usually growing 4 - 7 metres tall, but with occasional specimens up to 15 metres. The grooved bole can be 15 - 25cm in diameter[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The plant has a high reputation in Central America as a treatment against fevers and snake bites[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
]. It also produces an edible fruit, though reports on its quality vary. Usually gathered from the wild, the plant is sometimes cultivated as a medicinal plant in Central America, and the seed traded for this purpose[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Known Hazards

The intensely bitter seeds are poisonous - more than 1.5 - 2 grams, administered in a single dose, can lead to death[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - eastern, central and northern Brazil, Bolivia.

Habitat

High slopes of the Atlantic rainforest, usually on well-drained soils[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitSemi-deciduous Tree
Height7.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of lowland areas in the tropics.
Succeeds in a sunny position or in dappled shade[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Prefers a well-drained soil[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Plants have a moderate rate of growth[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The tree bears great quantities of brownish fruits, consisting of the large seed and a layer, 5 - 15mm thick, of reddish yellow flesh which is bitter and acrid[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Another report says that it is a popular fruit[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The greeny-brown, oval fruit can be 8cm long and 5cm wide[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Medicinal

The seeds are intensely bitter, and probably rich in tannins[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The cotyledons are used in the treatment of fevers and as an antidote to snake bites[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. They are also used in the treatment of hydrophobia (rabies) and dysentery[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Great care should be used with this remedy, since excessive does can lead to death[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

The bark is macerated in rum to make a vermifuge, antimalarial and bitter tonic[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
A decoction of the inner bark is used as a remedy for malaria, as a wash on cutaneous eruptions, and to assist childbirth[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

An infusion of the bark and seeds is used as an antidote for snakebite and as a febrifuge for mild or intermittent fevers[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The seeds contain the quassinoids cedrin, cedronin and cedronylin[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The bark and seeds contain the bitter alkaloid cedrine[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

The seeds are believed to be rich in tannins[
517
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 49
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the last quarter of 1916, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The wood is of average texture, irregular grain, light in weight and slightly susceptible to wood-eating insects[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. Of low quality, it is only used for fuel and to make charcoal[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate of about 65% can be expected, with the seeds sprouting within 20 - 35 days[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Seedlings grow away moderately quickly[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-03-29. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Simaba+cedron>

Comments

Barry Biesanz 17th November 2015 8:00
It's pretty common on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, at east in the Central part. Unaware of anyone eating the fruit. Fruit has a complex smell like ripe Jackfruit.

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