Fagara acutifolia (Engl.) Engl.
Fagara caribaea (Lam.) Krug & Urb.
Fagara chiloperone (Mart. ex Engl.) Engl. ex Chodat & Hassl.
Fagara elephantiasis (Macfad.) Krug & Urb.
Fagara occidentalis (Rose) Engl.
Fagara rugosa (A.St.-Hil. & Tul.) Engl.
Zanthoxylum chiloperone Mart. ex Engl.
Zanthoxylum elephantiasis Macfad.
Zanthoxylum gentlei Lundell
Zanthoxylum nelsonii Rose
Zanthoxylum occidentale Rose
Zanthoxylum rugosum A.St.-Hil. & Tul.
Zanthoxylum caribaeum is a deciduous, spiny shrub or small tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow 8 - 14 metres tall. The erect bole which is usually branched from near the base, can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and as a source of wood. The wood is considered to be very valuable, though is little used locally[
S. America - Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Costa Rica to Mexico; Caribbean.
Moist or wet, mixed forest at elevations up to 300 metres[
]. Found mainly in secondary forest formations, where it most commonly grows in fertile soils at the base of slopes[
|Other Uses Rating||
Prefers a sunny position[
Newly planted young trees usually grow away well, reaching heights of 2 metres or more within 2 years[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
The bitter bark is aperitif and febrifuge[
The bark and the branches are said to be chewed as a remedy for toothache[
The heartwood is light brown, tinged with light yellow; the thick band of sapwood is very light brown to white. The wood is wavy and fine-grained; moderately heavy; moderately hard; durable when protected from damp[
]. It is easy to work, taking a good polish. The wood is used in the manufacture of tool handles, internal applications in construction etc[
Seed - it has a short viability of 4 months or less, so is best sown as soon as possible after harvesting. It does not require pre-treatment and can be sown in lightly shaded nursery seedbeds. Germination rates are usually below 40%, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 60 days[
]. It is best to transplant the seedlings to individual containers when about 3 - 4cm tall, and they take 6 months or more before being ready to plant out.
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.