Fagara avicennae Lam.
Fagara diversifolia (Warb.) Engl.
Xanthoxylum lentiscifolium Champ. ex Benth.
Zanthoxylum diversifolium Warb.
Zanthoxylum iwahigense Elmer
Zanthoxylum tidorense Miq.
Young, cultivated plant growing in Hong Kong
Photograph by: Daderot
Zanthoxylum avicennae is a prickly, evergreen shrub (occasionally adopting a climbing habit) or a small tree growing up to 15 metres tall[
]. Plants from dry, open and mountainous locations tend to become dwarfed or scandent with much reduced leaves and inflorescences[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a condiment, medicine and timber.
E. Asia - southern China, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam.
Secondary forests in lowland flat areas, hillsides, valleys; at elevations from 400 - 700 metres in southern China[
]. Dry forest, thickets and open slopes at elevations up to 1,650 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
The leaves are used to flavour food[
]. They smell like coriander[
The fruits are used to flavour food. They smell like anise[
A decoction of the stem and bark are used as a stomach tonic and to treat snake bites[
The reddish wood is hard, dense and heavy. It is used to make small tool handles[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[
]. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them until large enough to plant out.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood.
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots. Good percentage[
Suckers, removed when the plant is dormant, and planted direct into their permanent positions[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.