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Useful Tropical Plants

Varronia cylindrostachya

Ruiz & Pav.

Boraginaceae


The specific name is sometimes spelled cylindristachya.

+ Synonyms

Cordia caracasana A.DC.

Cordia cylindrostachya (Ruiz & Pav.) Roem. & Schult.

Cordia floribunda (Desv.) Spreng.

Cordia humboldtii Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Cordia lanata Kunth

Cordia linearicalycina Killip ex J.Estrada

Cordia llanense Killip ex J.Estrada

Cordia macrostachya (Ruiz & Pav.) Spreng.

Cordia martinicensis Sieber ex Griseb.

Cordia rubescens Estrada

Cordia salviifolia Kunth

Cordia subserrata K.Krause

Cordia tarmensis K.Krause

Lithocardium caracasanum (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium cylindrostachyum Kuntze

Montjolya cylindrostachya (Ruiz & Pav.) Friesen

Montjolya floribunda (Desv.) Friesen

Montjolya macrostachya Friesen

Montjolya mollis Friesen

Varronia caracasana (A.DC.) Borhidi

Varronia curassavica Bertero ex A.DC.

Varronia floribunda Desv.

Varronia humboldtii Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Varronia lanata (Kunth) Borhidi

Varronia macrostachya Ruiz & Pav.

Varronia salviifolia Balb.

Varronia spicata Salzm. ex A.DC.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Varronia cylindrostachya is a much-branched shrub or a small tree usually growing around 3 - 4 metres tall[
1912
Title
Cordia cylindristachya Roem. et Schult. (Boraginaceae) Naturalised in India
Publication
Bull. Bot. Surv. India Vol. 30 (I-4), pp 171-173, 1988
Author
Ravi N. & Muraleedharan P.N.
Publisher
 
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The leaves are harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. It is sometimes grown as a hedge plant in southern India[
1912
Title
Cordia cylindristachya Roem. et Schult. (Boraginaceae) Naturalised in India
Publication
Bull. Bot. Surv. India Vol. 30 (I-4), pp 171-173, 1988
Author
Ravi N. & Muraleedharan P.N.
Publisher
 
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; Caribbean - Venezuelan Antilles

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height2.50 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



Plants can flower and produce seed all year round[
1912
Title
Cordia cylindristachya Roem. et Schult. (Boraginaceae) Naturalised in India
Publication
Bull. Bot. Surv. India Vol. 30 (I-4), pp 171-173, 1988
Author
Ravi N. & Muraleedharan P.N.
Publisher
 
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

The red fruit is an ovoid or ellipsoid drupe around 8mm long, surrounded by a persistent calyx,and with a viscid pulp[
1912
Title
Cordia cylindristachya Roem. et Schult. (Boraginaceae) Naturalised in India
Publication
Bull. Bot. Surv. India Vol. 30 (I-4), pp 171-173, 1988
Author
Ravi N. & Muraleedharan P.N.
Publisher
 
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

We have seen no further specific information for this species. The fruits of most Cordia (Varronia) species are comprised of a thin to fairly thick layer of pulpy, sweetish-tasting flesh surrounding a single seed and are more or less edible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
], (though some are known to cause gastric disturbances).

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves is used to relieve stomach pain, dysentery, diarrhoea and menstrual pain. It has an abortifacient effect[
1905
Title
Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the medicinal species of the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae)
Publication
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 69 (2017), pp. 755-789
Author
Oza M.J. & Kulkarni Y.A.
Website
http://10.1111/jphp.12715
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
An infusion of the leaves is used to treat inflammations and fevers[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

An excellent plant for making a close, compact hedge[
1912
Title
Cordia cylindristachya Roem. et Schult. (Boraginaceae) Naturalised in India
Publication
Bull. Bot. Surv. India Vol. 30 (I-4), pp 171-173, 1988
Author
Ravi N. & Muraleedharan P.N.
Publisher
 
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The trunk is used to make poles[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
].
The wood is used for fuel[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cuttings
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-04. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Varronia+cylindrostachya>

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