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Useful Tropical Plants

Varronia curassavica

Jacq.

Boraginaceae

+ Synonyms

Cordia angustifolia (H.West) Roem. & Schult.

Cordia brevispicata M.Martens & Galeotti

Cordia canescens Kunth

Cordia chacoensis Chodat

Cordia chepensis Pittier

Cordia cuneiformis A.DC.

Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult.

Cordia cylindrostachya interrupta (A.DC.) Griseb.

Cordia divaricata Kunth

Cordia graveolens Kunth

Cordia guianensis (Desv.) Roem. & Schult.

Cordia hirsuta Fresen.

Cordia hispida Benth.

Cordia imparilis J.F. Macbr.

Cordia interrupta A.DC.

Cordia intonsa I.M.Johnst.

Cordia linearis A.DC.

Cordia littoralis Pittier

Cordia macrostachya (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult.

Cordia macuirensis Dugand & I.M.Johnst.

Cordia martinicensis Link

Cordia mollis Pittier

Cordia obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth

Cordia oxyphylla A.DC.

Cordia palmeri S. Watson

Cordia peruviana mexicana A.DC.

Cordia rugosa Willd.

Cordia salicina A.DC.

Cordia socorrensis Brandegee

Cordia spicata Willd. ex Schult.

Cordia stenophylla Alain

Cordia tobagensis Urb.

Cordia verbenacea A.DC.

Lantana bullata L.

Lithocardium angustifolium Kuntze

Lithocardium brevispicatum (M.Martens & Galeotti) Kuntze

Lithocardium canescens (Kunth) Kuntze

Lithocardium cuneiforme (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium curassavicum (Jacq.) Kuntze

Lithocardium divaricatum (Kunth) Kuntze

Lithocardium hispidum (Benth.) Kuntze

Lithocardium lineare (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium macrostachyum (Jacq.) Kuntze

Lithocardium oxyphyllum (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium salicinum (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium verbenaceum (A.DC.) Kuntze

Montjolya angustifolia (H.West) Friesen

Montjolya bullata (L.) Friesen

Montjolya guianensis (Desv.) Friesen

Varronia angustifolia H.West

Varronia brevispicata (M.Martens & Galeotti) Borhidi

Varronia chacoensis (Chodat) Borhidi

Varronia cuneiformis (A.DC.) Borhidi

Varronia divaricata (Kunth) Borhidi

Varronia graveolens (Kunth) Borhidi

Varronia guianensis Desv.

Varronia hispida (Benth.) Borhidi

Varronia interrupta (A.DC.) Borhidi

Varronia intonsa (I.M.Johnst.) J.S.Mill.

Varronia linearis Pav. ex A.DC.

Varronia macrostachya Jacq.

Varronia martinicensis Lam.

Varronia oxyphylla (A.DC.) Borhidi

Varronia rugosa Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Varronia salicina (A.DC.) Borhidi

Varronia verbenacea (A.DC.) Borhidi

Common Name: Black Sage

No Image.

General Information

Varronia curassavica is an erect shrub, branching mainly from the base and growing up to 3 metres tall[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre. A popular herbal treatment, it is sometimes sold in local markets[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
]. In the early 20th century, it was grown as a biological control, being planted in the borders of sugarcane fields to attract parasitizing wasps for biological control of an insect pest[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. Today it is only a troublesome weed.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
485
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Vol 75
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden: Boston.
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, an article on the flora of Tanzania, a treatment of the genus Xyris and one for the Panamanian Boraginaceae. It can be downloaded from the internet.

Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, to Venezuela and the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to Antigua.

Habitat

Damp or dry thickets, hillsides, often in secondary growth areas and sometimes in oak forests, at elevations from sea level to 1,360 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height2.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant has escaped from cultivation in a number of areas, where it has become a nuisance. The seeds are dispersed widely by birds. The seedlings germinate in well-lit disturbed areas and grow quickly, forming dense thickets that can prevent regeneration or crowd out other vegetation[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
The leaves are strongly scented[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Edible Uses

Although we have seen no specific information for this species, the fruits of most Cordia (Varronia) species are comprised of a thin to fairly thick layer of pulpy, sweetish-tasting flesh surrounding a single seed and are more or less edible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
], (though some are known to cause gastric disturbances).

Medicinal

The leaves and young stems are anodyne, anti-inflammatory, aromatic, astringent, hypotensive, pectoral, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific and vulnerary[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
,
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. An infusion is used to treat a range of digestive disorders including biliousness, grippe and diarrhoea, as well as fevers, rheumatism, menstrual cramps, gonorrhoea, colds and chest complaints[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
,
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
,
1905
Title
Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the medicinal species of the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae)
Publication
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 69 (2017), pp. 755-789
Author
Oza M.J. & Kulkarni Y.A.
Website
http://10.1111/jphp.12715
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The juice of finely crushed leaves is used for alleviating monthly stomach pains (menstrual cramps)[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. The dried leaves are boiled in a liquid that is drunk to control heavy menstrual flow[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The leaves are mashed and applied topically to aid the healing of wounds[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
]. The macerated leaves are used externally as a dandruff treatment, or are placed in a bath as a treatment for fever[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The leaves contain several medically active compounds including artemetin, which has been documented with significant anti-inflammatory actions[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
The plant also contains naphthoquinones which have demonstrated antifungal activities against Cladosporium cucumerinum, Candida albicans and toxic properties against larvae of the yellow fever-transmitting mosquito[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
Other studies have confirmed that the plant has anti-ulcer and gastro-protective actions at very low dosages; that is has a pain relieving effect; and that is has antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including 14 bacterial strains causing the most common gastrointestinal diseases[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].

Other Uses

The leaves are crushed and rubbed on the skin to prevent mosquito bites[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The plant used to be grown along sugarcane fields in order to attract parasitizing wasps for the biological control of an insect pest[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

An essential oil obtained from the leaves is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a fragrance[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].

The sap from the twigs has cleaning properties[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

A fibre obtained from the plant is suitable for coarse cordage[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The stem is chewed until fibrous and then used to clean the teeth and destroy bad breath[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
,
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-08. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Varronia+curassavica>

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