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Useful Tropical Plants

Typhonium trilobatum

(L.) Schott

Araceae

+ Synonyms

Arisaema pumilum Blume

Arum auriculatum Sims

Arum foetidum Salisb.

Arum orixense Roxb. ex Andrews

Arum pumilum Lam.

Arum trilobatum L.

Desmesia orixensis (Roxb. ex Andrews) Raf.

Dracunculus trilobatus (L.) Raf.

Typhonium orixense (Roxb. ex Andrews) Schott

Typhonium siamense Engl.

Typhonium triste Griff.

Common Name: Kharkan

No Image.

General Information

Typhonium trilobatum is a stemless, herbaceous perennial plant producing 2 - 4 leaves with long petioles from a short, tuberous rhizome. The petioles are around 25 - 40cm long, with a leaf blade around 10 - 15cm long and 6 - 11cm wide[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a food.

Known Hazards

All parts of the plant contain calcium oxalate crystals. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, southern China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Laos,

Habitat

Tropical secondary forests, thickets, grasslands, roadsides; at elevations up to 700 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.35 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
1788
Title
A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacognostical Investigation and Pharmacology of Typhonium trilobatum
Publication
The Natural Products Journal, 2016, 6, 172-178
Author
Manna K. et al
Website
http://10.2174/2210315506666160810145157
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Some caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity.

Root - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
1788
Title
A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacognostical Investigation and Pharmacology of Typhonium trilobatum
Publication
The Natural Products Journal, 2016, 6, 172-178
Author
Manna K. et al
Website
http://10.2174/2210315506666160810145157
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Some caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal

The rhizome is used in the treatment of vomiting, cough, asthma, excessive expectoration, pyogenic sore throat, headache, gastric ulcer, abscess and snake-bite[
283
Title
Medicinal Plants in Vietnam
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Van Dan & Doan Thi Nhu
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
1989
ISBN
92 9061 101 4
Description
An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications.
,
1788
Title
A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacognostical Investigation and Pharmacology of Typhonium trilobatum
Publication
The Natural Products Journal, 2016, 6, 172-178
Author
Manna K. et al
Website
http://10.2174/2210315506666160810145157
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The acrid principle disappears on boiling and the corm may be eaten ti induce relaxation of bowels in patients suffering from haemorrhoids[
1787
Title
Medicinal Plants (Indigenous and Exotic) Used in Ceylon Part 1
Publication
 
Author
Jayaweera D.M.A.
Publisher
The National Science Foundation, Sri Lanka
Year
2006 (Reprint)
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on over 100 medicinal plants used in Sri Lanka as part of the Ayurvedic method.
]. The boiled corms are also eaten with bananas in order to treat stomach complaints[
1787
Title
Medicinal Plants (Indigenous and Exotic) Used in Ceylon Part 1
Publication
 
Author
Jayaweera D.M.A.
Publisher
The National Science Foundation, Sri Lanka
Year
2006 (Reprint)
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on over 100 medicinal plants used in Sri Lanka as part of the Ayurvedic method.
].
A poultice of the crushed fresh rhizome is used as a treatment on abscesses and snake-bite[
283
Title
Medicinal Plants in Vietnam
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Van Dan & Doan Thi Nhu
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
1989
ISBN
92 9061 101 4
Description
An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications.
,
1787
Title
Medicinal Plants (Indigenous and Exotic) Used in Ceylon Part 1
Publication
 
Author
Jayaweera D.M.A.
Publisher
The National Science Foundation, Sri Lanka
Year
2006 (Reprint)
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on over 100 medicinal plants used in Sri Lanka as part of the Ayurvedic method.
,
1788
Title
A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacognostical Investigation and Pharmacology of Typhonium trilobatum
Publication
The Natural Products Journal, 2016, 6, 172-178
Author
Manna K. et al
Website
http://10.2174/2210315506666160810145157
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
This species must be used very cautiously in treating pregnant women[
283
Title
Medicinal Plants in Vietnam
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Van Dan & Doan Thi Nhu
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
1989
ISBN
92 9061 101 4
Description
An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications.
].

The rhizomes, dug up in summer, are well washed, then dried in the sun or in ovens. Before use, they are soaked in a solution of alum and a maceration of ginger, then sliced, impregnated with a decoction of liquorice and lightly roasted on a low fire[
283
Title
Medicinal Plants in Vietnam
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Van Dan & Doan Thi Nhu
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
1989
ISBN
92 9061 101 4
Description
An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications.
].

A decoction of the leaves is used as a wash on wounds[
1788
Title
A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacognostical Investigation and Pharmacology of Typhonium trilobatum
Publication
The Natural Products Journal, 2016, 6, 172-178
Author
Manna K. et al
Website
http://10.2174/2210315506666160810145157
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Research has shown that Typhonium trilobatum has a range of dynamic pharmacological activities, including antiinflammatory, analgesic, wound healing, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiarrheal, larvicidal, antioxidant, antidiabetic, and antidepressant[
1788
Title
A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacognostical Investigation and Pharmacology of Typhonium trilobatum
Publication
The Natural Products Journal, 2016, 6, 172-178
Author
Manna K. et al
Website
http://10.2174/2210315506666160810145157
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]..

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Division of offsets in the dormant season
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-04. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Typhonium+trilobatum>

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