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Useful Tropical Plants

Swartzia panamensis

Benth.

Fabaceae


This species has been treated as Fairchildia panamensis (treated here as a synonym) in some modern treatments such as Zamora Villalobos, N. 2010. Fabaceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 5[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Fairchildia panamensis (Benth.) Britton & Rose

Swartzia pinnata (Vahl) Willd.

Swartzia pinnata Seem.

Tounatea panamensis (Benth.) Taub.

Tunatea panamensis (Benth.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Swartzia panamensis
Tree
Photograph by: Reinaldo Aguilar
Creative Commons License
Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis Swartzia panamensis

General Information

Swartzia panamensis is an evergreen tree growing 15 - 30 metres tall. The unbuttressed bole can be 20 - 60cm in diameter[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
]. In harsher habitats (with shallow, rocky soils and high insolation) the tree tends to form a stunted, irregular, and subdivided bole with a low, spreading crown. In primary forest conditions with deep soils and high humidity, this species grows taller and exhibits a single, cylindrical and straight bole. Such a forest tree sports a crown composed of a thick, umbrella-like layer of horizontal branches and large leaves[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber. It produces long, pendulous racemes of bright yellow flowers almost continually throughout the year, giving it the potential for use as an ornamental[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].

Known Hazards

The sawdust from wood of plants in this genus can be irritating to mill workers[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Botanical References


Range

Northern S. America - Colombia; C. America - Panama, Costa Rica.

Habitat

An understorey or subcanopy tree growing in humid or very wet climates at low elevations in tropical rainforests[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
]. It is sometimes found growing in swampy or seasonally flooded forests[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Butterflies, Insects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a well-drained soil[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is a dark brown, usually with black streaks or sometimes uniformly nearly jet black; it is distinctly demarcated from the very thick band of nearly white sapwood. Texture is very fine; grain is close and straight. The wood is exceedingly hard, heavy, strong and durable. The hardness of the wood makes it difficult to work, with tools quickly becoming dulled; it takes a good polish. The wood is used for heavy construction, the production of furniture, interior joinery, ladders, poles, bridges and boards[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].

Propagation

Seed - Fresh seed germinates within one month without pre-treatment[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Swartzia+panamensis>

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