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Useful Tropical Plants

Sphenostylis schweinfurthii

Harms

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Sphenostylis schweinfurthii is an erect perennial plant with unbranched stems that become more or less woody and persist; it can grow 100 - 175cm tall[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a source of fibre. The yellow flowers are ornamental and attractive, making the plant worthy of cultivation.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Sub-Saharan Africa - Senegal through Niger to Sudan and ?Ethiopia. Also found in Angola

Habitat

Open savannah, high terrace (perhaps along river bed), hollows; at elevations up to 1,700 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height1.20 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Seeds - cooked[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Only eaten in times of hunger[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Flowers[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Only eaten in times of hunger according to one report, whilst another says that it is a delicious vegetable[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A fibre obtained from the stems is used to make a rope[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Sphenostylis+schweinfurthii>

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