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Useful Tropical Plants

Sphenostylis erecta

(Baker f.) Hutch. ex Baker f.

Fabaceae


This species is closely related to Sphenostylis schweinfurthii[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

+ Synonyms

Dolichos erectus Baker f.

Sphenostylis gossweileri Baker f.

Sphenostylis homblei De Wild.

Sphenostylis marginata auct.

Sphenostylis marginata erecta (Baker f.) Verdc.

Sphenostylis marginata obtusifolia (Harms) Verdc.

Sphenostylis obtusifolia Harms

Sphenostylis ringoetii De Wild.

Vigna capitata De Wild.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Sphenostylis erecta is an erect to prostrate, deciduous, perennial climbing plant with stems that become more or less woody and persist. The stems can be up to 6 metres long from a long, thickened, woody rootstock that is up to 22cm long and 1cm wide - these stems can scramble over the ground or climb into the surrounding vegetation for support[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.

Known Hazards

The roots contain substances that are toxic to fish and other cold-blooded animals. The surfaces are scraped and the scrapings thrown into a pond to stun the fish, which are then harvested and used for food[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

Tropical Africa - Central African Republic, Angola, southern DR Congo, Tanzania, Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique

Habitat

Miombo and chipya woodlands with grassy areas; mixed deciduous woodland; Acacia woodland; woodland margins; open bushland; riverine vegetation; on furrow edges; rocky hillsides of sandstone and granite; etc[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Climber
Height4.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant usually appears after fire[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The plant often flowers on old wood before new leaves appear[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Flowers - raw or cooked[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Green and mature seedpods are eaten cooked[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The seedpods are 70 - 120mm long and 5 - 8mm wide[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

Seeds[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. No more information is given, though they are probably soaked beforehand, the soakwater discarded and the seeds then cooked[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The brown, oblong-ovoid or discoid seeds are 5 - 7mm × 4 - 6mm × 2 - 3.5 mm, and are covered with a scurfy scaly indumentum[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

Leaves - occasionally cooked and then eaten[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The roots are soaked in water until it turns red - salt is added and then the liquid is drunk as a treatment for diarrhoea[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

A red exudate (gum) obtained from the roots is used to mend cracks in pots, to paint and decorate them, and to make them waterproof[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Fibres obtained from the roots are used to make mats and string[
1613
Title
Economic Botany of Sphenostylis (Leguminosae)
Publication
Economic Botany, vol. 46, no. 3, 1992, pp. 262-275
Author
Potter D.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255442
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-13. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Sphenostylis+erecta>

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