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Useful Tropical Plants

Senecio scandens

Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Cacalia wightiana Wall. ex DC.

Cineraria chinensis Spreng.

Cineraria divaricata Spreng. ex DC.

Cineraria repanda Lour.

Senecio campylodes DC.

Senecio chinensis (Spreng.) DC.

Senecio crataegifolius Hayata

Senecio flexicaulis Edgew.

Senecio flexuosus Wall.

Senecio hibernus Makino

Senecio hindsii Benth.

Senecio intermedius Wight

Senecio solanifolius Jeffrey

Senecio stipulatus Wall. ex DC.

Senecio wightianus DC.

Common Name:

Senecio scandens
Small flowering plant in the Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens, Hong Kong
Photograph by: Daderot
Public domain
Senecio scandens Senecio scandens

General Information

Senecio scandens is an evergreen climbing plant producing slender, scrambling, much-branched woody stems 2 - 5 metres long from a rhizomatous rootstock[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1919
Title
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.: A review on its ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149 (2013) 1-23
Author
Wang D., Huang L. & Chen S.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.048
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is a commonly used medicinal heb, especially in China where its recorded use dates back to the 6th century and it is an ingredient of more than 100 herbal preparations. It is commnly gathered from the wild for local use and for trade[
1919
Title
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.: A review on its ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149 (2013) 1-23
Author
Wang D., Huang L. & Chen S.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.048
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Senecio scandens has a very wide distribution, a large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

Senecio scandens is a commonly used medicinal herb, especially in China, where it is a component of more than 100 compound herbal medicines. However, the plant is known to contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids. These alkaloids, which are derived from various amino acids including ornithine, have a range of antinutritional activities. In particular, they can have a pronounced hepatic toxicity, though the lungs and other organs may be affected as well; mutagenic and carcinogenic activities have also been reported[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
1919
Title
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.: A review on its ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149 (2013) 1-23
Author
Wang D., Huang L. & Chen S.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.048
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The alkaloids have a cumulative effect upon the body and, unless concentrations in a plant are high, occasional use is generally safe and in the case of medicinal herbs, can be very beneficial. In general it is best to seek advice before medicinal use.

Botanical References

51
Title
Flowers of the Himalayas.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O. and Stainton. A.
Publisher
Oxford Universtiy Press
Year
1984
ISBN
-
Description
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China, southern Japan, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia (Sulawesi), Philippines.

Habitat

Climbing in forests and thickets, on shrubs, over rocks, on buildings, by streams, on mountain
slopes; at elevatons from sea level to 4,000 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Forests in the Himalayas; at elevations from 1,800 - 3,600 metres[
51
Title
Flowers of the Himalayas.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O. and Stainton. A.
Publisher
Oxford Universtiy Press
Year
1984
ISBN
-
Description
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height3.00 m
Growth RateMedium
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Senecio scandens is a plant of warm temperate to tropical areas. It is unable to tolerate much frost[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Succeeds in a sunny position in most well-drained moderately fertile soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A climbing plant, it needs support and to be tied onto wires[
182
Title
Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7195-5043-2
Description
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
]. Any pruning is best carried out before the plant comes into new growth[
219
Title
Gardening on Walls
Publication
 
Author
Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V.
Publisher
Collins
Year
1983
ISBN
0-00-219220-0
Description
A nice little book about plants for growing against walls and a small section on plants that can grow in walls.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

See notes above regarding potential toxicity before using this plant.
Senecio scandens is a popular herbal medicine in China where it is considered to be depurative, febrifuge and ophthalmic[
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
,
178
Title
Chinese Materia Medica.
Publication
 
Author
Stuart. Rev. G. A.
Publisher
Taipei. Southern Materials Centre
Year
1911
ISBN
-
Description
A translation of an ancient Chinese herbal. Fascinating.
]. The herb clears and detoxifies the body in addition to treating diseases of the eye and drying parts of the body that have been made overly wet by disease. It is used both internally and externally, either on its own or more commonly in conjunction with other herbs, to treat a wide range of maladies including carbuncles, furuncles, colds, epidemic influenza, fevers, malaria, pruritus, diarrhoea, eczema, upper respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, acute tonsillitis, mumps, acute enteritis, bacterial dysentery, icteric hepatitis, cholecystitis, acute urinary tract infection, erysipelas, ringworm sores, trichomoniasis vaginalis, burns, and swollen red eyes[
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
,
1919
Title
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.: A review on its ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149 (2013) 1-23
Author
Wang D., Huang L. & Chen S.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.048
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

About 180 compounds have been isolated and identified in the plant including flavonoids pyrrolizidine alkaloids, phenolic acids, jacaranone glycosides, and benzofuranone lactones, as well as terpenoids, steroids, lignans, and some the carotenoid compositions and thetrace elements. Many of these have been shown to have medicinal activities including antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiviral and analgesic[
1919
Title
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.: A review on its ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149 (2013) 1-23
Author
Wang D., Huang L. & Chen S.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.048
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The plant is used as an ingredient of soaps, skin lotions and toothpastes, where it provides antibacterial and antiseptic activities[
1919
Title
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham.: A review on its ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 149 (2013) 1-23
Author
Wang D., Huang L. & Chen S.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.048
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - sow in a container and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Division, preferably when dormant.
Root cuttings just before new growth commences.[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Senecio+scandens>

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