Eugenia edulis Vell.
Marlierea edulis Nied.
Myrciaria edulis (Vell.) Skeels
Myrciaria plicatocostata O.Berg
Plinia plicatocostata (O.Berg) Amshoff
Rubachia glomerata O.Berg
Plinia edulis is a small, evergreen tree with a dense, pyramidal crown; it can grow 5 - 10 metres tall. The short bole branches from low down and can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[
The edible fruit is greatly appreciated within the plant's native range, where it is gathered from the wild for local use, and is also sometimes cultivated in domestic orchards[
S. America - northern Argentina, southern Brazil.
Lowland on alluvial plains and at the base of moist slopes, usually in dense, primary rainforests[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Grows best with some shade[
]. Prefers a deep, fertile, humus-rich soil[
]. Plants have a high requirement for iron[
A slow-growing plant[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. A succulent, fleshy pulp with a delicious, sweet-acidic flavour[
]. The fruits are up to 4cm in diameter, containing a single, large seed[
The wood is moderately heavy, elastic, with good mechanical properties, and medium durability. It is suitable for making tool handles and other agricultural tools, precision instruments and cabinet making[
Seed - it has a very short viability and so should be sown as soon as it is ripe[
]. Sow the seed in individual containers and keep in a semi-shaded position. Germination rates are usually over 40%, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 100 days[
]. The seed usually germinates within 1 month[
]. Seedlings grow away slowly, but are usually ready for planting into their permanent positions within 10 months of germinating[
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