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Useful Tropical Plants

Passiflora miniata

Vanderpl.

Passifloraceae


This species has been well collected in S. America, but long misidentified as Passiflora coccinea Aubl., a distinct species also from S. America Passiflora miniata has also often been cultivated under the name of Passiflora coccinea[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

+ Synonyms

Passiflora coccinea hort.

Common Name: Red Granadilla

No Image.

General Information

Passiflora miniata is a a robust, vigorous climbing shrub with stems that can be 15 metres long. The roots are fibrous, the major surface roots that become damaged can produce strong adventitious shoots, leading to the development of thickets[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its large red flowers.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia

Habitat

Rainforests, in natural clearings and human-made openings such as forest tracks and roads, climbing over shrubs and large trees[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsHumming Birds
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Passiflora species generally grow best in a sheltered, sunny position or in dappled shade. Most species are found in the wild in moist but well-drained soils, generally of a lighter texture, and will often flower and fruit more heavily if the soil fertility is low. They often develop deep roots and can be moderately tolerant of dry spells. Most Passiflora species prefer a neutral to slightly alkaline soil, growing best where the pH is around 6. 5 - 7.5[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
When established vines are cut down they quickly re-grow from thick fleshy roots[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Plants can flower all year round[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
]. Juicy, sweet and aromatic[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].The spherical or sub-spherical fruit is richly variegated deep green pale green and cream in six well defined sections, around 45 - 65mm in diameter. It contains a pulp consisting of clear white or yellow, juicy, sweet, and aromatic arils surrounding the seeds[
1676
Title
Passiflora miniata
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, New Edition 227, pl. 562. 2006. (Aug 2006)
Author
Vanderplank R. John R.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]..

Medicinal

The leaves and roots of some, if not all, members of this genus contain a substance called 'passiflorina' which has similaritiesr to morphine and is an effective tranquilizer[
1677
Title
Dicionário das Plantas Úteis do Basil e das Exóticas Cultivadas Vol. 5
Publication
 
Author
Corrêa M. Pio & Penna L. de Azeredo
Publisher
Ministério da Agricultura; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in six volumes, first published in the 1920's and revised in the 1970's. Written in Portuguese.
]. We have no specific information for this species but many species are used in herbal infusions to calm the nerves and help bring about a restful sleep[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
The leaves of many species are also considered to be anthelmintic, antihysteric and diaphoretic. They are used in Brazil to combat intermittent fevers, cutaneous inflammations, and erysipelas[
1677
Title
Dicionário das Plantas Úteis do Basil e das Exóticas Cultivadas Vol. 5
Publication
 
Author
Corrêa M. Pio & Penna L. de Azeredo
Publisher
Ministério da Agricultura; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in six volumes, first published in the 1920's and revised in the 1970's. Written in Portuguese.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24°c[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months[
3
Title
Growing Unusual Fruit.
Publication
 
Author
Simmons. A. E.
Publisher
David & Charles; Newton Abbot.
Year
1972
ISBN
0-7153-5531-7
Description
A very readable book with information on about 100 species that can be grown in Britain (some in greenhouses) and details on how to grow and use them.
].
Layering. Very easy[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Air layering.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-09. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Passiflora+miniata>

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