Monactineirma mexicana (Juss.) Bory
Passiflora contrayerva Sm.
Passiflora mexicana is a perennial climbing plant, attaching itself to nearby vegetation by means of tendrils.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a tea.
Southern N. America - southern Arizona to southern Mexico (Oaxaca)
Riparian woodlands, semiarid shrublands; at elevations from 600 - 1,400 metres[
Passiflora species generally grow best in a sheltered, sunny position or in dappled shade. Most species are found in the wild in moist but well-drained soils, generally of a lighter texture, and will often flower and fruit more heavily if the soil fertility is low. They often develop deep roots and can be moderately tolerant of dry spells. Most Passiflora species prefer a neutral to slightly alkaline soil, growing best where the pH is around 6. 5 - 7.5[
The flowers have a foetid aroma[
The leaves are used as a tea substitute[
The purple-black, globose to subellipsoid fruits are 8 - 16mm long and 7 - 14mm wide[
]. There are no reports regarding edibility, though the fruits of most, if not all Passiflora species are more or less edible when fully ripe[
]. There are reports, however, for a few species, that the unripe fruit can be unwholesome.
The leaves and roots of some, if not all, members of this genus contain a substance called 'passiflorina' which has similaritiesr to morphine and is an effective tranquilizer[
]. We have no specific information for this species but many species are used in herbal infusions to calm the nerves and help bring about a restful sleep[
The leaves of many species are also considered to be anthelmintic, antihysteric and diaphoretic. They are used in Brazil to combat intermittent fevers, cutaneous inflammations, and erysipelas[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[
]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[
]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[
]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24°c[
]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[
Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months[
Layering. Very easy[
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