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Useful Tropical Plants

Pandanus conoideus

Lam.

Pandanaceae

+ Synonyms

Bryantia butyrophora Webb

Pandanus butyrophorus (Webb) Kurz

Pandanus ceramicus Kunth

Pandanus cominsii Hemsl.

Pandanus englerianus Martelli

Pandanus erythros H.St.John

Pandanus hollrungii Warb.

Pandanus latericius B.C.Stone

Pandanus magnificus Martelli

Pandanus minusculus B.C.Stone

Pandanus plicatus H.St.John

Pandanus ruber H.St.John

Pandanus subumbellatus Becc. ex Solms

Pandanus sylvestris Kunth

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Pandanus conoideus is a prickly, evergreen tree growing around 3 - 10 metres tall with prop-roots obviously present. The stems are branched with clusters of sword-shaped leaves around 170cm long and 10cm wide produced at the branch-apices[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The plant is often cultivated in lowland regions of New Guinea, where it is highly valued as a food, medicine and source of materials, and its fruits are traded at local markets. It is also harvested from the wild for local use[
1814
Title
Pandanaceae of the island of Yapen, Papua (West new Guinea), Indonesia, with their nomenclature and notes on the red
Publication
Blumea 54, 2009: 255-266
Author
Keim A.P.
Website
http://10.3767/000651909X476247
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Indonesia (Maluku) east to New Guinea and the western Pacific

Habitat

Rarely found as a trulty wild specimen, usually growing near to running water at elevations around 200 metres[
1815
Title
The Pandan flora of Foja-Mamberamo Game Reserve and Baliem Valley, Papua-Indonesia
Publication
Reinwardtia 13 (3): 271-297
Author
Keim A.P.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Plants can be found at elevations from 700 - 2,300 metres[
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height7.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally grow well in most moist, well-dained soils and a sunny position[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
]
Often cultivated in lowland New Guinea, and traded at local markets, several cultivated forms have arisen. Cultivated forms are readily distinguised from wild forms by their considerably longer cephalia (cones of fruits)
The fruiting bodies of wild forms of this species are often attacked by burrowing insects, though as of 2008 there are no reports of cultivated forms being attacked[
1815
Title
The Pandan flora of Foja-Mamberamo Game Reserve and Baliem Valley, Papua-Indonesia
Publication
Reinwardtia 13 (3): 271-297
Author
Keim A.P.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.

Edible Uses

A vegetable fat extracted from the pericarp is used as a sauce[
1814
Title
Pandanaceae of the island of Yapen, Papua (West new Guinea), Indonesia, with their nomenclature and notes on the red
Publication
Blumea 54, 2009: 255-266
Author
Keim A.P.
Website
http://10.3767/000651909X476247
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The fruiting body (cephalium) can vary in length from less than 50cm to around 100 - 110cm[
1814
Title
Pandanaceae of the island of Yapen, Papua (West new Guinea), Indonesia, with their nomenclature and notes on the red
Publication
Blumea 54, 2009: 255-266
Author
Keim A.P.
Website
http://10.3767/000651909X476247
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The edible portion is the hard red or yellow/green waxy mesocarp and pericarp between the hard, inedible seeds. Harvested fruits are prepared in hamlets. They are split in half and cored with a cassowaryfemur knife (biadarin), a technique and tool pattern widespread in the Highland Fringe. Wrapped in leaves and baked in a hot stone oven, the solid fat liquifies to become oil. The oil is expressed by hand to make a sauce that is spread over leafy greens or crumpled, baked taro[
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

A vegetable fat extracted from the pericarp is used as a medicine, and tonic[
1814
Title
Pandanaceae of the island of Yapen, Papua (West new Guinea), Indonesia, with their nomenclature and notes on the red
Publication
Blumea 54, 2009: 255-266
Author
Keim A.P.
Website
http://10.3767/000651909X476247
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

An essential oil obtained from the fruit is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as an emollient and skin conditioner[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].

The leaves are woven to make mats[
1814
Title
Pandanaceae of the island of Yapen, Papua (West new Guinea), Indonesia, with their nomenclature and notes on the red
Publication
Blumea 54, 2009: 255-266
Author
Keim A.P.
Website
http://10.3767/000651909X476247
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1815
Title
The Pandan flora of Foja-Mamberamo Game Reserve and Baliem Valley, Papua-Indonesia
Publication
Reinwardtia 13 (3): 271-297
Author
Keim A.P.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The leaves are used as cigarette papers[
1815
Title
The Pandan flora of Foja-Mamberamo Game Reserve and Baliem Valley, Papua-Indonesia
Publication
Reinwardtia 13 (3): 271-297
Author
Keim A.P.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cuttings from the top section of a branch usually root well when planted in a moist, fertile, well-drained soil[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-11-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pandanus+conoideus>

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