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Useful Tropical Plants

Myrcia splendens

(Sw.) DC.

Myrtaceae

+ Synonyms

Aulomyrcia costata (DC.) O.Berg

Aulomyrcia wullschlaegeliana O.Berg.

Cumetea divaricata (Lam.) Raf.

Eugenia divaricata Lam.

Eugenia fallax Rich.

Eugenia laxiflora Poir.

Eugenia mikaniana DC.

Eugenia mollis Willd. ex O.Berg.

Eugenia paniculiflora Steud.

Eugenia periplocifolia Jacq.

Myrcia acuminata (Kunth) DC.

Myrcia acutata O.Berg

Myrcia acutiloba O.Berg

Myrcia aguitensis Gleason

Myrcia alagoensis O.Berg

Myrcia augustana Kiaersk.

Myrcia ayresiana O.Berg

Myrcia barrensis O.Berg

Myrcia belizensis Lundell

Myrcia berberis DC.

Myrcia berberis Schauer.

Myrcia brachylopadia Diels

Myrcia bracteolaris (Poir.) DC.

Myrcia brandamii O.Berg

Myrcia catharinae O.Berg

Myrcia chilensis O.Berg

Myrcia ciarensis O.Berg

Myrcia communis O.Berg

Myrcia complicata (Kunth) DC.

Myrcia compressa Gleason

Myrcia corcovadensis O.Berg

Myrcia coroicensis Rusby

Myrcia costa-ricensis O.Berg

Myrcia costata DC.

Myrcia costata bahiensis O.Berg

Myrcia costata minensis O.Berg

Myrcia coumetoides O.Berg

Myrcia cucullata O.Berg

Myrcia dictyoneura Diels

Myrcia discolor O.Berg

Myrcia divaricata (Lam.) DC.

Myrcia elongata O.Berg

Myrcia erythroxylon O.Berg

Myrcia fallax (Rich.) DC.

Myrcia formosiana DC.

Myrcia friburgensis O.Berg

Myrcia gardneriana O.Berg

Myrcia gracilis O.Berg

Myrcia gracilis sessiliflora O.Berg

Myrcia guajavifolia O.Berg

Myrcia guajavifolia grandifolia Kiaersk.

Myrcia hayneana DC.

Myrcia hayneana paraensis O.Berg

Myrcia humboldtiana DC.

Myrcia humboldtiana caribaea O.Berg

Myrcia humboldtiana orinocensis O.Berg

Myrcia impressa O.Berg

Myrcia kegeliana O.Berg

Myrcia kegeliana angustifolia O.Berg

Myrcia kegeliana latifolia O.Berg

Myrcia kegeliana longifolia O.Berg

Myrcia kegeliana pendula O.Berg

Myrcia kegeliana vulgaris O.Berg

Myrcia klotzschiana O.Berg

Myrcia klotzschiana impellucida O.Berg

Myrcia kunthiana Steud.

Myrcia laevigata O.Berg

Myrcia lamprosericea Diels

Myrcia langsdorffii O.Berg

Myrcia latifolia O.Berg

Myrcia lindeniana O.Berg

Myrcia longicaudata Lundell

Myrcia luetzelburgii Burret ex Luetzelb.

Myrcia macrophylla DC.

Myrcia magnoliifolia DC.

Myrcia magnoliifolia angustifolia O.Berg

Myrcia magnoliifolia latifolia O.Berg

Myrcia magnoliifolia parvifolia O.Berg

Myrcia martiana O.Berg

Myrcia martinicensis Krug & Urb.

Myrcia melanoclada O.Berg

Myrcia melanosticta Kiaersk.

Myrcia micrantha O.Berg

Myrcia mikaniana (DC.) O.Berg

Myrcia negrensis O.Berg

Myrcia nitens O.Berg

Myrcia oerstediana O.Berg

Myrcia oocarpa Cambess.

Myrcia opaca O.Berg

Myrcia oxyoentophylla Kiaersk.

Myrcia pellucida O.Berg

Myrcia phaeoclada O.Berg

Myrcia plicatocostata O.Berg

Myrcia pohliana O.Berg

Myrcia pseudomini DC.

Myrcia reticulata O.Berg

Myrcia riedeliana O.Berg

Myrcia riparia O.Berg

Myrcia rostrata DC.

Myrcia rufidula Schltdl.

Myrcia rufula Miq.

Myrcia rufula martiana (O.Berg) Kiaersk.

Myrcia sartoriana O.Berg

Myrcia saxicola O.Berg

Myrcia saxicola grandifolia O.Berg

Myrcia schippii Lundell

Myrcia schuechiana O.Berg

Myrcia sellowiana O.Berg

Myrcia sepiaria DC.

Myrcia sericea O.Berg

Myrcia sericiflora O.Berg

Myrcia sororia DC.

Myrcia spruceana O.Berg

Myrcia superba O.Berg

Myrcia tingens O.Berg

Myrcia velutina O.Berg

Myrcia venezuelensis O.Berg

Myrcia ypanemensis O.Berg

Myrtus acuminata Kunth

Myrtus bracteolaris Poir.

Myrtus complicata Kunth

Myrtus deflexa Kunth

Myrtus polyantha Kunth

Myrtus splendens Sw.

Myrtus stoupii Spreng.

Common Name:

Myrcia splendens
Flowering branches
Photograph by: Mauricio Mercadante
Creative Commons License
Myrcia splendens Myrcia splendens Myrcia splendens Myrcia splendens

General Information

Myrcia splendens is a semi-deciduous tree with an irregular, sparse crown; it can grow 4 - 8 metres tall in the open, but up to 12 metres in a forest environment. The bole can be 15 - 25cm in diameter[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It is sometimes used in reforestation projects and is suitable for street planting on narrow streets and under power lines[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Caribbean; C. America - Panama to Mexico.

Habitat

Open savannah; woodland edges; gallery forests, undergrowth in Araucaria forests, clearings in the Atlantic and Littoral rainforests[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitSemi-deciduous Tree
Height6.00 m
Growth RateFast
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a sunny position[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
A fairly fast-growing plant, easily reaching 2 metres or more tall within 2 years from seed[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Plants can flower and produce fruit for much of the year[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. The dark blue to blackish fruit has a thin layer of flesh surrounding a single large seed[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

A natural pioneer species in its native range, as well as being quite fast growing and a source of edible fruits for birds etc, the plant can be used in reforestation projects for restoring native woodland[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Other Uses

The light brown to reddish brown wood is medium-textured, straight-grained, heavy, soft to hard, with poor mechanical properties and low natural durability. Because it is only available in small dimensions, it is only used locally for posts, rural constructions, crates etc[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The wood is used for fuel and for making charcoal[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate of above 50% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 25 - 35 days[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Myrcia+splendens>

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