The distinctness of this species from the West African species, Mammea africana, is considered to be doubtful[
Mammea usambarensis is an attractive, evergreen forest tree with a rounded crown; it can grow up to 24 metres tall. It has a clear straight bole with a diameter at the base up to 180cm[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, dye and source of wood.
The plant has a very limited range in Tanzania. It is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
East tropical Africa - Tanzania.
Moist montane forest[
]. Locally dominant in evergreen forests at elevations from 1,600 - 2,100 metres[
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A single tree can produce vast amounts of fruit[
Fruit - raw[
]. The ripe fruits are juicy and sweet, but also rather acidic[
]. The pale green to yellow, rounded fruits are 4 - 6.5cm long and 3.5 - 7cm wide, containing 1 - 4 large seeds surrounded by a colourless, edible pulp[
Seeds - cooked[
]. They are roasted in hot ash and then eaten, especially by children and herdsmen[
The bark produces a yellow dye[
The wood is used for timber, building poles, tool handles, spoons and bedsteads[
The wood is used for fuel[
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