Calophyllum excelsum Zoll. & Moritzi
Calysaccion obovale Miq.
Calysaccion tinctorium Seem.
Lignum clavorum Rumph.
Lolanara odorata Raf.
Ochrocarpos excelsus Vesque
Ochrocarpos odoratus (Raf.) Merr.
Ochrocarpos tinctorius (Seem.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake
Mammea odorata is an evergreen tree with a wide, spreading crown, growing from 4 - 12 metres tall[
]. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter and unbranched for up to 5 metres[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a dye and source of wood.
Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Philippines to western Pacific.
Beach thickets, often on limestome, or on the inner edges of mangrove swamps[
]. Rocky places near the shore[
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Judging by the plant's habitat, it is likely to tolerate maritime exposure[
The tree self-sows freely within its native range[
A latex obtained from the plant[
] (the sap according to another report[
]), has been used to dye hair orange-brown[
A dye, somewhat like that obtained from sappan-wood, is obtained from the red heartwood[
The dark red wood is close-grained, hard, heavy and durable[
]. As the tree grows old a red heartwood is developed which at length takes up a great part of the trunk. The wood is highly prized locally[
]. It has been used for posts and beams in house construction, for making tool handles, and also in the construction of bull carts[
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