Theobroma camargoanum (R.E.Schult.) Ducke
Drawing of the leaves, flowers and fruit
Photograph by: E.W. Smith; otanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, Vol. XIV 1949
Herrania camargoana is a graceful, slender, evergreen tree usually growing 3 - 6 metres tall with exceptional specimens to 8 metres[
]. The erect bole is about 10 - 12cm in diameter[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
The fruits of many members of this genus have some or many stinging hairs on them[
S. America - Brazil, Colombia.
Near or on the summits of barren granitic mountains up to 150 metres above the level of the river, at elevations of 360 - 500 metres. Rarely, in sandy riverside savannahs[
Prefers sterile white sand and the most inhospitable of rocky slopes strewn with granite blocks and often nearly devoid of soil (the conditions in which it grows in the wild)]635].
Although we have no specific information for this species, the pulp surrounding the fruits of most, if not all members of the genus are edible. This white, acidulous pulp is eaten raw and is most delicious just before the complete ripening of the fruit[
The bitter seeds are pulverized and used as a condiment[
The following report is based mainly on the seeds of H. Nitida, but the seed of this species is likely to be very similar[
The seed contains up to 66% oil[
]. It is solid at room temperature, turning liquid at 25 - 29°c[
]. The oil comprises 18 - 26% linoleic acid, 2 - 7% oleic acid and 74 - 76% saturated acids[
The following description of the wood is for H. Nitida. The wood of this species is likely to be very similar[
The heartwood is pinkish brown, the sapwood pale pink[
]. The wood has no distinctive odour or taste; it is straight- or wavy-grained; coarse-textured. It is light in weight; soft; not durable[
]. It requires sharp tools in order to cut smoothly across the grain[
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