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Useful Tropical Plants

Gymnosporia heterophylla

(Eckl. & Zeyh.) Loes.

Celastraceae


This is a very variable with several subspecies. It has frequently been confused with Gymnosporia senegalensis[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

+ Synonyms

Cassine szyszylowiczlii Kuntze

Catha cymosa (Sol.) C.Presl

Catha decolor Webb

Catha heterophylla (Eckl. & Zeyh.) C.Presl

Celastrus angularis Sond.

Celastrus cymosus Eckl. & Zeyh.

Celastrus ellipticus Thunb.

Celastrus glomeratus E.Mey. ex Sond.

Celastrus heterophyllus Eckl. & Zeyh.

Celastrus hispanicus DC.

Celastrus multiflorus Lam.

Celastrus rhombifolius Eckl. & Zeyh.

Elaeodendron glaucum Szyszyl.

Gymnosporia acanthophora Loes.

Gymnosporia andongensis (Oliv.) Loes.

Gymnosporia angularis (Sond.) Sim

Gymnosporia beniensis Robyns & Lawalrée

Gymnosporia bequaertii De Wild.

Gymnosporia brevipetala Loes.

Gymnosporia buxifolia holtzii Loes.

Gymnosporia buxifolioides Loes.

Gymnosporia capitata tenuifolia Loes.

Gymnosporia condensata Sprague

Gymnosporia glauca Loes.

Gymnosporia lanceolata Loes.

Gymnosporia leptopus androyensis H. Perrier

Gymnosporia nyassica Gilli

Gymnosporia rhombifolia Bolus & Wolley-Dod

Gymnosporia senegalensis maranguensis Loes.

Gymnosporia trigyna macrocarpa H. Perrier

Maytenus brevipetala (Loes.) R. Wilczek

Maytenus cymosa (Sol.) Exell

Maytenus cymosa Krug & Urb.

Maytenus heterophylla (Eckl. & Zeyh.) N.Robson

Common Name:

Gymnosporia heterophylla
Flowering branches
Photograph by: Abu Shawka
Public domain
Gymnosporia heterophylla Gymnosporia heterophylla Gymnosporia heterophylla Gymnosporia heterophylla Gymnosporia heterophylla

General Information

Gymnosporia heterophylla is sometimes only a small shrub growing 30 - 250cm tall, but more commonly becomes a tree growing up to 7 metres tall, occasionally 9 metres. The plant can be unarmed, or with green to brown spines up to 35mm long[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
]. The spines can be up to 24cm long[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use, mainly as a medicine and source of wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

Eastern and southern Africa - Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, eastern DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, S. Africa, Ma

Habitat

Forest; fringing forest margins; thickets and woodland; on termite mounds; sand dunes and riverine localities, at elevations up to 3,000 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height5.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

The roots are boiled and eaten as a vegetable[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

Medicinal uses are reported throughout the range of the plant. Some research has been carried out into the medicinal activities of the plant.
Maytenfolic acid, isolated from the plant, has moderate antimicrobial activity; it showed growth inhibition of Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Maytansinoids have been isolated from other Maytenus species, which have shown significant antitumour and antileukaemic activities[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The leaves are used as a remedy for painful menstruation[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The bark is emetic. An infusion is used to treat diarrhoea[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A leaf and bark infusion is used against diarrhoea in cattle[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The roots are anthelmintic. They are used as a treatment for hernia and as a cure for syphilis[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Unspecified plant parts are used as a remedy for snakebite, epilepsy, abscesses and convulsions in children[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The wood is very hard and heavy and resembles boxwood (Buxus species). It is generally only available in small dimensions, but is suitable for making small objects such as spoons and stools, for carving and for throwing sticks ('knobkerries')[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-07-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Gymnosporia+heterophylla>

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