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Useful Tropical Plants

Gymnocladus burmanicus

C.E.Parkinson

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Gymnocladus burmanicus is a deciduous tree growing up to 17 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is up to 70cm in diameter[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1483
Title
Minangmose (Gymnocladus assamicus) and Dekang (Gymnocladus Burmanicus): Culturally important and endangered trees of
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(3), July 2010, pp 419-429
Author
Singh R.K.; Srivastava R.C.; Adi tribe; Monpa tribe; Khasi t
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is commonly harvested fom the wild for local use as a medicine and source of soap.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand

Habitat

Grows around the dense vegetation of bamboo and cane species, Livistonia jekintiana, and other shrubs. Trees are found near the natural drains in light black soil with sufficient percentage of moisture; at elevations up to 280 metres[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1483
Title
Minangmose (Gymnocladus assamicus) and Dekang (Gymnocladus Burmanicus): Culturally important and endangered trees of
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(3), July 2010, pp 419-429
Author
Singh R.K.; Srivastava R.C.; Adi tribe; Monpa tribe; Khasi t
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Gymnocladus burmanicus grows well in a hot and humid climate. It needs an average daytime temperature that varies from 32°c in summer to around 16°c in winter. At night time it requires average winter temperature around 8°c, while in
summer 14°c[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

The seedpods qre 12.5 - 17cm long and 27 - 37mm wide, containing 2 - 3 black, shining, globose seeds[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1483
Title
Minangmose (Gymnocladus assamicus) and Dekang (Gymnocladus Burmanicus): Culturally important and endangered trees of
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(3), July 2010, pp 419-429
Author
Singh R.K.; Srivastava R.C.; Adi tribe; Monpa tribe; Khasi t
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The pods have a foul smell (but rather less than the smell from the pods of the related Gymnocladus assamicus[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The mature pods are used as a wash in curing skin allergies, itching and boils[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The matured pods are used to make a shampoo for cleaning the hair and removing dandruff, and also as a soap for cleaning the body and clothss[
1482
Title
Culturally important Dekang (Gymnocladus burmanicus C. E. Parkinson) − An addition to the flora of India from Arunac
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 8(4), October 2009, pp. 482-484
Author
Ranjay K Singh, RC Srivastava, Adi Community & TK Mukherjee
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Propagation

The seeds of this species can be very slow to germinate and benefit from scarification before sowing in order to soften the hard seedcoat and speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-07-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Gymnocladus+burmanicus>

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