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Useful Tropical Plants

Dysoxylum arborescens

(Blume) Miq.

Meliaceae

+ Synonyms

Aglaia halmaheirae Miq.

Aglaia macrophylla Teijsm. & Binn.

Alliaria arborescens Kuntze

Alliaria halmaheirae Kuntze

Alliaria kunthiana Kuntze

Alliaria maingayi Kuntze

Alliaria nernstii Kuntze

Dysoxylum forsythianum Warb.

Dysoxylum gjellerupii C.DC.

Dysoxylum halmaheirae (Miq.) C.DC.

Dysoxylum insulare Pierre

Dysoxylum kunthianum (A.Juss.) Miq.

Dysoxylum maingayi Hiern

Dysoxylum nernstii F.Muell.

Dysoxylum novohebridanum C.DC.

Dysoxylum rubrum Merr.

Dysoxylum sibuyanense Elmer

Epicharis kunthiana A.Juss.

Goniocheton arborescens Blume

Goniocheton insularis Pierre

Hartighsea acuminata Miq.

Hartighsea sumatrana Miq.

Trichilia arborescens (Blume) Spreng.

Common Name:

Dysoxylum arborescens
Close-up of the flower
Photograph by: Jago B.; Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Dysoxylum arborescens Dysoxylum arborescens Dysoxylum arborescens

General Information

Dysoxylum arborescens is a tree that usually grows up to 20 metres tall, though usually less, and can occasionally reach up to 30 metres. The bole can be up to 45cm in diameter, fluted or with buttresses up to 100cm high and 45cm outwards[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].
The tree is the source of a good quality timber, known as 'jarum-jarum' in southeast Asia, that is harvested from the wild for local use and for trade[
935
Title
Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 7
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 41
Author
Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno41.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Year
2006
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four groups of lesser known commercial timbers from southeast Asia. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.

Range

E. Asia - Taiwan, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Malaysia, Indonesia to New Guinea, northeast Australia, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

Habitat

A very common tree of dense primary forests and also the more open secondary growth areas, including that on limestone; at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
]. The tree also presists as a relict in hedgerows and gardens[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Plants can commence flowering when around 1 metre tall[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].
Most species in this genus are dioecious, but this species generally has bisexual flowers[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The sapwood is fawnish. The wood is suitable for medium to heavy construction work, planking, flooring, panelling, and for manufacturing high grade furniture, wood pallets, veneer and plywood[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

We have no more specific information on the wood of this species, but it is one of a group of species that are the source of a commercial timber known in the trade as 'jarum-jarum'. The general description of jarum-jarum is as follows:-
The heartwood is orange-red to brick red when fresh,darkening on exposure; it is clearly demarcated from the yellow sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse but uneven due to the abundant of parenchyma; the grain is straight, interlocked, wavy or irregular; there is a watersilk marking on flat-sawn surfaces due to the parenchyma bands. The wood is moderately hard to hard. It is used for purposes such as flooring, furniture, wall panelling, solid door construction, veneer and plywood[
935
Title
Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 7
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 41
Author
Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno41.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Year
2006
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four groups of lesser known commercial timbers from southeast Asia. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-13. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dysoxylum+arborescens>

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