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Useful Tropical Plants

Dysoxylum alliaceum

(Blume) Blume

Meliaceae


A very polymorphic species, closely related to Dysoxylum excelsum which occurs in the same area but whose parts never have an onion smell[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

+ Synonyms

Alliaria acuminatissima Kuntze

Alliaria costulata Kuntze

Alliaria fraterna Kuntze

Alliaria glabra Kuntze

Alliaria lampongum Kuntze

Alliaria miqueliana Kuntze

Alliaria nageliana Kuntze

Alliaria similis Kuntze

Alliaria thyrsoidea Kuntze

Alliaria vrieseana Kuntze

Amoora oligosperma (Pierre) Pellegr.

Chisocheton dempoensis Baker f.

Dysoxylum aculeatissimum Steud.

Dysoxylum acuminatissimum Blume

Dysoxylum apoense Elmer

Dysoxylum archboldianum Merr. & L.M.Perry

Dysoxylum brachycalycinum Harms

Dysoxylum brevipes Hiern

Dysoxylum costulatum Miq.) Miq.

Dysoxylum dempoense (E.G.Baker) Harms

Dysoxylum euphlebium Merr.

Dysoxylum fraternum Miq.

Dysoxylum glabrum C.DC.

Dysoxylum klemmei Merr.

Dysoxylum lampongum Miq.

Dysoxylum lanceolatum Elmer

Dysoxylum laxiflorum Blume

Dysoxylum longifolium Blume

Dysoxylum macrothyrsum Miq.

Dysoxylum miquelianum C.DC.

Dysoxylum monticola Harms

Dysoxylum nagelianum C.DC.

Dysoxylum platyphyllum Merr.

Dysoxylum pulchrum Ridl.

Dysoxylum rostratum Merr.

Dysoxylum sattelbergense Merr. & L.M.Perry

Dysoxylum simile Blume

Dysoxylum thyrsoideum Hiern

Dysoxylum vrieseanum C.DC.

Guarea alliacea Blume

Hartighsea costulata Miq.

Prasoxylon alliaceum (Blume) M.Roem.

Common Name:

Dysoxylum alliaceum
Drawing of the leaves, flowers and fruits
Photograph by: Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Dysoxylum alliaceum Dysoxylum alliaceum Dysoxylum alliaceum

General Information

Dysoxylum alliaceum is a tree that can grow up to 38 metres tall. The bole can often be of poor form; it is up to 80cm in diameter, fluted to 4 metres at the base with buttresses up to 60cm tall and projecting 100cm from the trunk[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].
The tree is the source of a good quality timber, known as 'jarum-jarum' in southeast Asia, that is harvested from the wild for local use and for trade[
935
Title
Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 7
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 41
Author
Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno41.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Year
2006
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four groups of lesser known commercial timbers from southeast Asia. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
]. The tree is also harvested from the wild as a local source of food.
Pressures from expanding human settlements and logging activities are exerted on the species. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The seeds are poisonous and contain dysoxylum acid[
359
Title
Trees of Sungai Wain
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/Sungaiwain/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with factsheets on almost 1,000 species of forest trees growing at Sungai Wain in Indonesia. Each factsheet has good quality pictures plus basic information on the ecology and uses of the plants.
]. (as Dysoxylum euphlebium).
The seed of the tree is used locally as a vertebrate poison[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.

Range

E, Asia - Andaman Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea, northern Australia, Solomon Islands.

Habitat

A mid-canopy tree in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests, growing on hillsides and ridges with sandy soils, but also on limestone; at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. Commonly occurs along streams and rivers, in lowland and hill forests[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The dried flowering specimens have a strong, very disagreeable odour that is characteristic of various parts of many species in the genus[
557
Title
New or Noteworthy Philippine Plants Vol.10
Publication
 
Author
Merrill E.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Philippine Journal of Science
Year
1914
ISBN
 
Description
Extracted from The Philippine Journal of Science, 1914. Descriptions of new plants discovered in the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
All parts of the plant smell strongly of onions[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
We have no specific information for this species, but most members of the genus are dioecious, in which case both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Edible Uses

Young leaves - boiled[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. The leaves have the scent of onions[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. Fresh young leaves are cooked with fish or other food to impart an onion flavour[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The seeds in particular are used together with some juice of ginger and lemon or lime, to prepare a sauce very similar to garlic sauce, which is served with fish and other food[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. In the past, dried seeds that were blackened from being dried in smoke, were taken on ships as a garlic substitute[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Some caution is advised - see notes above on toxicity[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The whitish wood is light in weight, not resistant to insects[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Freshly cut wood emits a fruity odour[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
]. Another report says that the heartwood is red-brown, the sapwood fawnish[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
]. It is occasionally made into boards and is used for interior construction[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Used for house building[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. The wood is suitable for medium to heavy construction work, planking, flooring, panelling, and for manufacturing high grade furniture, wood pallets, veneer and plywood[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

We have no more specific information on the wood of this species, but it is one of a group of species that are the source of a commercial timber known in the trade as 'jarum-jarum'. The general description of jarum-jarum is as follows:-
The heartwood is orange-red to brick red when fresh,darkening on exposure; it is clearly demarcated from the yellow sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse but uneven due to the abundant of parenchyma; the grain is straight, interlocked, wavy or irregular; there is a watersilk marking on flat-sawn surfaces due to the parenchyma bands. The wood is moderately hard to hard. It is used for purposes such as flooring, furniture, wall panelling, solid door construction, veneer and plywood[
935
Title
Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 7
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 41
Author
Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno41.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Year
2006
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four groups of lesser known commercial timbers from southeast Asia. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dysoxylum+alliaceum>

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