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Useful Tropical Plants

Dendropanax arboreus

(L.) Decne. & Planch.

Araliaceae

+ Synonyms

Aralia arborea L.

Aralia fruticosa Sessé & Moc.

Aralia tuxtlensis Sessé & Moc.

Dendropanax alaris (Schltdl.) Decne. & Planch.

Dendropanax brachypodus (Urb.) R.C.Schneid.

Dendropanax compactus Lundell

Dendropanax concinnus (Standl.) Lundell

Dendropanax insularis (Rose) R.C.Schneid.

Dendropanax juergensenii Seem.

Dendropanax langeanus Marchal ex Standl.

Dendropanax matudae (Lundell) A.C.Sm.

Dendropanax monticola Standl.

Dendropanax samydifolius (C.Wright ex Griseb.) Seem.

Dendropanax schippii (A.C.Sm.) A.C.Sm.

Dendropanax stenodontus (Standl.) A.C.Sm.

Erithalis pentagonia DC.

Gilibertia alaris (Schltdl.) I.M.Johnst.

Gilibertia arborea (L.) Marchal ex T.Durand & Pittier

Gilibertia brachypoda Urb.

Gilibertia concinna Standl.

Gilibertia eurycarpa I.M.Johnst.

Gilibertia insularis Rose

Gilibertia juergensenii (Seem.) Standl.

Gilibertia langeana Marchal

Gilibertia matudae Lundell

Gilibertia rothschuhii Harms

Gilibertia samydifolia (C.Wright ex Griseb.) Marchal

Gilibertia schippii A.C.Sm.

Gilibertia smithiana I.M.Johnst.

Gilibertia stenocarpa Donn.Sm.

Gilibertia stenodonta Standl.

Hedera alaris Schltdl.

Hedera arborea (L.) Sw.

Schefflera arborea (L.) M.Gómez

Sciodaphyllum arboreum (L.) C.L.Hitchc.

Sciodaphyllum jacquinii Griseb.

Sciodaphyllum samydifolium C.Wright ex Griseb.

Common Name:

Dendropanax arboreus
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Indiana Coronado
Creative Commons License
Dendropanax arboreus Dendropanax arboreus Dendropanax arboreus Dendropanax arboreus

General Information

Dendropanax arboreus is a fast-growing, evergreen, glabrous tree, rather sparsely branched, with a spreading, rounded crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall, but is often only a shrub. The straight bole can be 30cm in diameter[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The tree produces a useful timber and is commonly harvested from the wild. It is also harvested for local medicinal uses and is grown as a shade tree in coffee plantations.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to Cuba.

Habitat

Moist or wet, usually mixed forest or thickets, often in second growth, sometimes in hedges, usually below 1,500 metres but very rarely at higher elevations[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of low to medium elevations in the tropics, it grows in regions where there is an average annual temperature of 26°c, with a maximum temperature of 36.7°c and a minimum of 14.9°c[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. Average annual precipitation is approximately 1,288mm, ranging from between 900 - 1,800mm[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. The tree grows naturally from sea level to 1,700 metres[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
The tree grows in calcareous soils with outcropping rocks in the wild[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
The tree begins to yield flowers and fruits between 4 and 5 years of age[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. It can then flower and fruit nearly all year round[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
A very variable tree, both in foliage and inflorescence[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

An infusion of the leaves is used as a remedy in traditional medicine[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].

A decoction of the roots is used medicinally[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is frequently planted to provide shade in coffee plantations and to fulfil agroforestry needs[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is white or yellowish grey with dark streaks; it is not differentiated from the sapwood. The texture is medium and uniform; grain is straight; lustre low to medium; seasoned wood is without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is moderately light in weight, moderately soft, strong, flexible but not durable, being very susceptible to attack by decay fungi and insects. It air-dries rapidly without developing degrade due to checking or warping. The wood is easy to work, but tends to develop fuzzy grain during planing; it is poor for turnery, but easy to cut into veneer. It is used locally for general carpentry, boxes and crates, interior construction, utility furniture etc[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. In recent years, the species has been in high demand for the manufacturing of veneer, particle boards, tongue depressors, toothpicks, matches, and pulp for paper[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].

Propagation

Seed - under humid conditions, the fresh seeds germinate at 70% without pre-treatment. A heterogeneous sample of seeds germinated approximately 18 days after sowing[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
The ripe fruits are collected by climbing the trees and using poles with metal hooks to remove them[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. The pulp is
removed from the pulpy fruits by hand inside a bucket of water[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. Resulting impurities float and are gathered with a strainer. Good pyrenes sink[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. Subsequently, seeds are dried in the sun in ventilated areas for 1 or 2 hours, depending on lighting conditions. The seeds within the pyrenes remain viable for approximately 15 months when stored under ambient conditions[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
]. With longer storage their viability quickly diminishes[
337
Title
Tropical Tree Seed Manual
Publication
 
Author
Vosso. J. Editor.
Website
http://www.rngr.net/Publications/ttsm
Publisher
USDA Forest Service.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely good guide, it can also be downloaded in its entirety from the address shown above.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dendropanax+arboreus%20%20%20%20>

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