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Useful Tropical Plants

Combretum collinum

Fresen.

Combretaceae


This is a very complex species, of which at least 10 subspecies are recognised - hence the large number of synonyms.

+ Synonyms

Combretum angustilanceolatum Engl.

Combretum bajonense Sim

Combretum binderianum Kotschy

Combretum brosigianum Engl. & Diels

Combretum burttii Exell

Combretum cognatum Diels

Combretum collinum hypopilinum (Diels) Okafor

Combretum coriaceum Schinz

Combretum crotonoides Hutch. & Dalziel

Combretum dumetorum Exell

Combretum elaeagnifolium Planch.

Combretum elgonense Exell

Combretum englerianum Exell

Combretum eylesii Exell

Combretum fischeri Engl.

Combretum flaviflorum Exell

Combretum frommii Gilg ex Engl.

Combretum fulvotomentosum Engl. & Diels

Combretum gazense Swynn. & Baker f.

Combretum geitonophyllum Diels

Combretum goetzenianum Engl. ex Diels

Combretum hypopilinum Diels

Combretum junodii Dummer

Combretum kabadense Exell

Combretum karaguense Engl. & Diels

Combretum kerengense Engl. ex Diels

Combretum laboniense M.B.Moss

Combretum laeteviride Engl. & Gilg

Combretum lamprocarpum Diels

Combretum makindense Gilg ex Engl.

Combretum mechowianum O.Hoffm.

Combretum monticola Engl. & Gilg

Combretum mwanzense Exell

Combretum oliverianum Engl.

Combretum ondongense Engl. & Diels

Combretum pachycarpum Engl. & Gilg

Combretum populifolium Engl. & Diels

Combretum psammophilum Engl. & Diels

Combretum ritschardii De Wild. & Exell

Combretum rubiginosum Welw. ex M.A.Lawson

Combretum schinzii Engl. ex Engl. & Diels

Combretum singidense Exell

Combretum suluense Engl. & Diels

Combretum taborense Engl.

Combretum tenuipes Engl.

Combretum truncatum Engl.

Combretum verticillatum Engl. & Diels

Combretum wildemanii M.G.Gangop. & Chakrab.

Common Name:

Combretum collinum
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5
Combretum collinum Combretum collinum

General Information

Combretum collinum hypopilinum is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing from 4 - 18 metres tall[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use of its gum, medicinal uses and timber.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Somalia, south to Namibia and S. Africa.

Habitat

Savannah[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Open woodlands; forest margins; deciduous thickets; and Kalahari and Lake Basin chipya woodland; occasional on anthills, in miombo woodlands; and in dry, evergreen forests; at low to medium elevations[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height10.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A slow-growing tree[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The tree responds well to coppicing, lopping and pollarding[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Edible Uses

The bark yields an edible gum[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
775
Title
Gemsbok Bean and Kalahari Truffle
Publication
 
Author
Leffers A.
Publisher
Gamsberg MacMillan; Namibia.
Year
2003
ISBN
99916-0-491-X
Description
Details of the traditional uses of over 200 species of plants in northeastern Namibia. Written for the non-expert, there is usually at least one photograph with each plant entry.
].

Medicinal

The bark yields a gum, loosely called taramniya in N Nigeria. It is used to cure toothache or to plug a carious tooth[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The leaves are used as a purgative[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The roots are boiled and the decoction drunk warm as a treatment for dysentery and snakebites[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The living tree is tolerant of grass fires and so is suitable for planting as a savannah firebreak[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Other Uses

The bark yields a gum, loosely called taramniya in N Nigeria[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The heartwood is light brown; it is not clearly demarcated from the whitish-brown sapwood. The wood has an interlocked grain and a course texture; it is fairly hard, not very durable. It is used for wagon building, canoes and tool handles[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The branches can be cut and used to construct fences[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The wood is used for fuel and makes a very good charcoal[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Propagation

Seed -
The seed of most, if not all, species can be stored inside the fruit for several years without losing viability[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Combretum+collinum>

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