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Useful Tropical Plants

Catharanthus trichophyllus

(Baker) Pichon

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Lochnera trichophylla (Baker) Pichon

Vinca trichophylla Baker

Common Name:

Catharanthus trichophyllus
Plant growing in the Botanischer Garten, Dresden, Germany
Photograph by: Daderot
Creative Commons Zero, Public Domain Dedication

General Information

Catharanthus trichophyllus is an erect, perennial plant, more or less woody at the base, growing up to 1 metre tall. The plant, which has an unpleasant smell, contains a white latex in all its parts[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is valued locally especially for its stimulant properties, it is often harvested from the wild for local medicinal use[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

455
Title
Flore de Madagascar et des Comores
Publication
 
Author
Humbert H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle; Paris
Year
1946 - 1984
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, an excellent flora of the area though it has not been completed. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

Africa - northern Madagascar.

Habitat

River banks, in open localities in forest, along forest edges and roadsides, on sand, gneiss-derived soil and laterite, at elevations from sea-level up to 1,400 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.70 m
PollinatorsSelf
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is bitter and stimulant. It is used in the treatment of venereal diseases, impotency and back-ache[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The root is also taken as a remedy for toothache[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The leaf is aphrodisiac and haemostatic. A decoction is taken to treat bilious fevers and dysentery[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Externally, a decoction of the aerial parts is applied to stop bleeding[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

An infusion of all parts of the plant is taken to treat liver diseases and to stabilize the blood composition[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The bitter flowers are given to people with diabetes, who chew them to lessen their appetite[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The aerial parts contain mainly monomeric indole alkaloids, of which vindoline is the most important[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The roots contain several alkaloids, mainly serpentine, but also several others including lochnericine and hörhammericine. These latter two alkaloids are responsible for part of the cytotoxic activity[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
All alkaloids in the roots and leaves occur in lower amounts than in Catharanthus roseus[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-29. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Catharanthus+trichophyllus>

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