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Useful Tropical Plants

Capparis cynophallophora

L.

Capparaceae


The nomenclature of this species is incredibly confusing. The original taxon name is used here as per the treatment in GRIN, but there are several other possibilities! The Plant List and Flora of N. America accept Quadrella cynophallophora (L.) Hutch., as the correct name[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
], whilst it has also been treated as a synonym of Capparis flexuosa (L.) L., which itself has been transferred to Cynophalla flexuosa (L.) J.Presl[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The taxon is also subdivided with Capparis cynophallophora (or Quadrella cynophallophora) being restricted to the Bahamas and Hispaniola, whilst Capparis jamaicensis Jacq. (or Quadrella jamaicensis (Jacq.) J.Presl) is recognised as distinct with a range that covers southeast N. America, Cuba and Jamaica[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Capparis isthmensis Eichler

Capparis jamaicensis Jacq.

Quadrella cynophallophora (L.) Hutch.

Uterveria cynophallophora (L.) Bertol.

Common Name:

Capparis cynophallophora
The intoxicating wild scent led me to this Jamaica caper blossom. The flowers are pure white when first open, becoming lavender-violet after a couple of hours.
Photograph by: Bob Peterson
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Capparis cynophallophora Capparis cynophallophora Capparis cynophallophora Capparis cynophallophora

General Information

Capparis cynophallophora is an evergreen shrub or a tree with a dense, compact crown; it can grow 3 - 6 metres tall[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. It is occasionally cultivated in parks and as a street tree[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

C. America - Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to Cuba and the Bahamas; SE N. America - Florida.

Habitat

Coastal thickets[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height4.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in full sun to light shade. The plant is very tolerant of salt-laden winds.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The roots and leaves are used medicinally[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is yellow, tinged with red; the sapwood is light brown. The wood is hard, and heavy. It is only used for posts[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Capparis+cynophallophora>

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