Caesalpinia chinensis Roxb.
Caesalpinia kwangtungensis Merr.
Caesalpinia laevigata Perr.
Caesalpinia nuga (L.) W.T.Aiton
Caesalpinia paniculata (Lam.) Roxb.
Caesalpinia paniculata Desf.
Caesalpinia scandens Roth
Caesalpinia szechuenensis Craib
Genista scandens Lour.
Guilandina bonduc minus DC.
Guilandina crista Small
Guilandina nuga L.
Guilandina paniculata Lam.
Guilandina semina Lour.
Ticanto nuga (L.) Medik.
Close-up of the inflorescence
Photograph by: Ria Tan
Caesalpinia crista is a climbing shrub, with stems up to 15 metres long[
]. The branches are armed with numerous scattered sharp, recurved prickles, especially on the petiole and rachis of the leaves[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and for the oil obtained from its seed.
E. Asia - coastal areas of Indian subcontinent, through tropical Asia to Australia, New Caledonia.
River banks, sandy beaches, in and behind the sandy parts of mangroves, on chalk and limestone, generally at low altitudes, rarely up to 350 metres[
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Succeeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil[
]. Requires a position in full sun[
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The leaves, fruits and roots are antiperiodic and tonic[
The root is also considered a diuretic, and useful in the treatment of kidney stones and bladder stones[
Bonducin, a bitter extract obtained in generous quantities from the seed cotyledons, is commonly known as ‘poor man’s quinine’ because it is used as a treatment for malaria[
]. A decoction of crushed seeds is used as an emetic and is credited with antidysenteric properties[
]. The seeds are used in the treatment of colic[
The fruits are applied externally in the treatment of rash[
Fat from the seeds is used in cosmetic preparations[
]. It is said to soften the skin[
Seed - pre-soak for 12 - 24 hours in warm water prior to sowing. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Softwood cuttings in sand in a frame[
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