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Useful Tropical Plants

Astrocaryum huaimi

Mart.

Arecaceae


This species is closely related to, and perhaps not distinct from, Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.[
768
Title
Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.; Galeano G.; Bernal R.
Publisher
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-691-08537-4
Description
An excellent book, giving basic information on all the 550 species of palms native to the Americas that were known in 1995. Comprehensive information on the plants range and habitat, brief description, some uses and almost 250 photos.
].

+ Synonyms

Astrocaryum leiospatha Barb.Rodr.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Astrocaryum huaimi is an evergreen, usually clump-forming palm, producing several unbranched stems 4 - 8 metres tall and 5 - 15cm in diameter. The stems are topped by a crown of 6 - 12 erect leaves each up to 350cm long. The trunks and leaf stems are covered with black thorns[
768
Title
Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.; Galeano G.; Bernal R.
Publisher
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-691-08537-4
Description
An excellent book, giving basic information on all the 550 species of palms native to the Americas that were known in 1995. Comprehensive information on the plants range and habitat, brief description, some uses and almost 250 photos.
,
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. It is sold in local markets and is considered to have potential for cultivation. There are a few, small commercial plantations existing in Brazil[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

768
Title
Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.; Galeano G.; Bernal R.
Publisher
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-691-08537-4
Description
An excellent book, giving basic information on all the 550 species of palms native to the Americas that were known in 1995. Comprehensive information on the plants range and habitat, brief description, some uses and almost 250 photos.

Range

S. America - west central Brazil, Bolivia, Peru

Habitat

Banks of rivers and streams and also on sandy soils[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Forest islands in savannahs or deciduous forests; at low elevations[
768
Title
Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.; Galeano G.; Bernal R.
Publisher
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-691-08537-4
Description
An excellent book, giving basic information on all the 550 species of palms native to the Americas that were known in 1995. Comprehensive information on the plants range and habitat, brief description, some uses and almost 250 photos.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. It can be eaten straight from the plant, and is also used to make juices, ice cream, jellies, wines and vinegar[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The greenish to orange, globose fruits are around 2 - 3cm in diameter and 3 - 5cm long, individual fruits weighing around 25g[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
The fruit is produced in clusters of between 100 - 300 fruits[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The palm heart (the inner core and growing bud of the plant) is harvested from various species in this genus[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
]. It provides a crispy food, rich in nutrients, that can be eaten raw or cooked. Harvesting the heart will lead to the death of the stem it was harvested from, though in multi-stemmed plants such as this the rest of the plant will continue to grow and often produce new stems.

We have no specific information for this species, but the fruits and seeds of various species are reported to be used for oil production in the Amazon region. Existing analyses of fruit fat content show a relatively homogeneous composition among species, with around 20% of fat content in the mesocarp, mostly composed of oleic and palmitic acids, and 20-35% of fat content in the endosperm, with a predominance of lauric acid[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A fibre from the leaves can be used for making, ropes, twine, nets and bags[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The fibre is long and very strong[
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].
The most recent discovery is that the leaves have two types of fibres, one of which is very similar to bamboo fibres, and due to their high interlacing, they can provide papers with high tear resistance and greater porosity. However, the fibers as a whole do nnt meet the requirements of the morphological characteristics of high quality paper fibers, and can be used in the production of Kraft paper, with high levels of physical and mechanical resistance[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

The leaves are used as a weaving material for making hats and other items[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
].

The hard endocarp of various Amazonian species is commonly used to make beads and ornaments for necklaces[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
]

The stem is used for the construction of pillars and posts for houses and posts and slats for fences[
1870
Title
Superação da dormência de sementes de Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.)
Publication
Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 35, n. 2, p. 749-758, mar./abr. 2014
Author
Souza A.L. et al
Website
http://10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n2p749
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Astrocaryum+huaimi>

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