Annona scleroderma Saff.
Annona testudinea Saff.
Common Name: Posh-te
Annona liebmanniana is a vigorous, evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 metres tall, but is more commonly 15 - 20 metres tall[
Said to be one of the most flavourful and refreshing fruits in a genus of delicious fruits, it is often gathered from the wild, mainly for local use[
]. The plant is sometimes cultivated for its fruit, mainly within it native range[
Central America - south Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras.
Moist or wet, mixed forest at elevations of 1,800 metres or less, chiefly near sea level[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the moister, lowland tropics, usually growing near sea level but also found at elevations up to 1,800 metres[
]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 23 - 26°c, but can tolerate 8 - 32°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,500 - 4,500mm, but tolerates 3,000 - 5,000mm[
Young trees seems to grow better in shade, but older trees grow well in sunny positions[
]. Prefers a moist, well-drained, sandy loam with a pH around 6[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 6.5, tolerating 4.5 - 7[
]. The tree may suffer from wind damage on exposed sites[
Trees can commence fruiting in just 4 years from seed, by which time they are 4 - 6 metres tall[
Trees flower on the previous year's growth[
The fruit of this species has a thick exocarp, making it suitable for long-distant transport[
]. This gives it potential in breeding programmes with other members of the genus to develop fruits with thick skins suitable for shipping[
Fruit - raw. Delicious and aromatic, it is best eaten fresh from the plant[
]. A richer flavour than the soursop (A. muricata) with a suggestion of the flavour of the white sapote (Casimiroa edulis)[
]. A creamy banana-pineapple like flavour, it is said to be one of the most flavourful and refreshing fruits in the genus[
]. The fruit has an agreeable flavour, it is 8 - 10cm in diameter, but the seeds are very large, up to 2cm long[
Seed - usually breeds true to type[
]. Sow in individual pots, not deeper than 2cm, at 21c[
The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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