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Useful Tropical Plants

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides

(Lam.) Zepern. & Timler

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Fagara senegalensis (DC.) A.Chev.

Fagara xanthoxyloides Lam.

Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.

Zanthoxylum polygamum Schumach.

Zanthoxylum senegalense DC.

Common Name:

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides
Tree growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Stefan Porembski; African plants - A Photo Guide
© Stefan Porembski
Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides

General Information

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides is a prickly shrub or low-branching shrubby, very prickly tree usually growing up to 12 metres tall, occasionally to 16 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The bole is armed with large, woody thorns that fall as the tree grows older[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree provides medicines, food flavourings timber and other commodities for the local people. It is sometimes planted[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Known Hazards

The bark of the roots and stems is toxic[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Senegal to Nigeria.

Habitat

Savannah, thickets, dry and transitional forests, forest patches on dry ground, secondary dry forests; coastal dunes and thickets; termite mounds; locally abundant in coastal areas[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height10.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

The seeds are used as a pepper-like condiment[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Medicinal

The bark is aromatic and sudorific[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The seeds are soaked in water and used in the treatment of rheumatism[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The plant (part not specified) is appetizer and galactagogue[
617
Title
Traditional Vegetables in Benin
Publication
 
Author
Achigan-Dako E. Et al
Publisher
Darwin Initiative; International Foundation for Science
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Issued as a PDF on the Internet, it contains basic information on over 250 species of plants used for food in Benin.
].

Other Uses

The seeds are used as beads in necklaces[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Young shoots and twigs are used as chew-sticks to clean the teeth and maintain oral hygiene[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

The yellow wood is close-grained and extremely hard. It is durable and termite-proof[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Zanthoxylum+zanthoxyloides>

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