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Useful Tropical Plants

Zanthoxylum usambarense

(Engl.) Kokwaro

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Fagara becquetii G.C.C.Gilbert

Fagara consolatae Chiov.

Fagara usambarensis Engl.

Zanthoxylum becquetii (G.C.C.Gilbert) P.G.Waterman

Common Name:

Zanthoxylum usambarense
Ripe fruits opening to release the seeds
Photograph by: World Agroforestry Centre
Creative Commons License
Zanthoxylum usambarense Zanthoxylum usambarense Zanthoxylum usambarense

General Information

Zanthoxylum usambarense is a shrub growing from 2 - 5 metres tall, or a tree usually growing up to 6 metres tall, but occasionally to 15 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
]. The bole is around 40cm in diameter and can be clear of branches for several metres. It is armed with spinose bosses[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of timber.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

East tropical Africa - Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, eastern DR Congo, Zambia.

Habitat

Wooded savannah; montane scrub forest; evergreen bushland or deciduous woodland on rocky slopes; marshy wooded places; sometimes secondary bushland following Podocarpus clearance at elevations from 1,200 - 2,600 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height5.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is used as an emetic and as a medicine to treat malaria and rheumatism[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
].

Other Uses

The wood is used for timber, domestic utensils, bows, beehives, stools and grain mortars[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
].
The wood can be used for fuel[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-09-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Zanthoxylum+usambarense>

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