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Useful Tropical Plants

Santiria trimera

(Oliv.) Aubrév.

Burseraceae

+ Synonyms

Dacryodes viridiflora (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Pachylobus balsamifera (Oliv.) Guillaumin

Pachylobus mayumbensis Exell

Pachylobus viridiflorus Engl.

Santiria balsamifera Oliv.

Santiria ebo (Pierre) H.J.Lam

Santiria glaberrima (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Santiria kamerunensis (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Santiria obovata (Pierre) H.J.Lam

Santiria tessmannii (K.Krause) H.J.Lam

Santiriopsis balsamifera (Oliv.) Engl.

Santiriopsis ebo Pierre

Santiriopsis glaberrima Engl.

Santiriopsis kamerunensis Engl.

Santiriopsis mayumbensis (Exell) Exell & Mendonça

Santiriopsis obovata Pierre

Santiriopsis tessmannii Engl.

Sorindeia trimera Oliv.

Common Name:

Santiria trimera
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Ehoarn Bidault
Creative Commons License
Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera Santiria trimera

General Information

Santiria trimera is a tree growing up to 26 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is about 20 - 50cm in diameter with tall, narrow buttresses and stilt roots[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood. A popular fruit in parts of Africa, it is sometimes cultivated, especially in Sierra Leone, and the fruits are often sold in local markets[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

736
Title
Flora of West Tropical Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=2025
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online flora, not yet complet (2012). Very comprehensive as regards to species covered, but the information on each species is often rather terse.

Range

West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Central African Republic, south to northern Angola and DR Congo.

Habitat

Along rivers; swampy places; forest on firm ground; gallery; rain-forest; open forest with Gaertnera paniculata; secondary rain-forest with Aulacocalyx jasminiflora, Whitfieldia lateritia, etc.; at elevations up to 1,515 metres[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. There are mixed views on the quality of the fruit - in Gabon, for example, it is generally seen as having a vinous taste and is much appreciated, in some other areas the fruits are seen as tasting and smelling of turpentine and they are not liked by many of people[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].The black fruits are up to 25mm long[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Seed. Rich in oil[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Medicinal

The bark is aromatic with a smell like balsam. It yields an oleo-resin, though its use for therapeutic purposes is not recorded in West Africa[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The bark is used as a treatment against chest complaints[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The powdered bark, mixed with salt and palm-oil, is given to children as a treatment for whooping-cough, and is also considered to be vermifugal[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The powdered bark is sprinkled on the sores of yaws[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Bark-decoctions are used in massages and vapour-baths to treat fever-pains and eczema[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Tannins, steroids and terpenes have been recorded in the bark and roots[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

The bark is aromatic with a smell like balsam. It yields an oleo-resin[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The greyish to yellowish brown wood is fine-grained and even-textured. It is used to make a number of domestic articles and is also used for carving. The adventive aerial roots are used to decorate axe-handles and hunting-bows[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed -

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