Dacryodes viridiflora (Engl.) H.J.Lam
Pachylobus balsamifera (Oliv.) Guillaumin
Pachylobus mayumbensis Exell
Pachylobus viridiflorus Engl.
Santiria balsamifera Oliv.
Santiria ebo (Pierre) H.J.Lam
Santiria glaberrima (Engl.) H.J.Lam
Santiria kamerunensis (Engl.) H.J.Lam
Santiria obovata (Pierre) H.J.Lam
Santiria tessmannii (K.Krause) H.J.Lam
Santiriopsis balsamifera (Oliv.) Engl.
Santiriopsis ebo Pierre
Santiriopsis glaberrima Engl.
Santiriopsis kamerunensis Engl.
Santiriopsis mayumbensis (Exell) Exell & Mendonça
Santiriopsis obovata Pierre
Santiriopsis tessmannii Engl.
Sorindeia trimera Oliv.
Santiria trimera is a tree growing up to 26 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is about 20 - 50cm in diameter with tall, narrow buttresses and stilt roots[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood. A popular fruit in parts of Africa, it is sometimes cultivated, especially in Sierra Leone, and the fruits are often sold in local markets[
West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Central African Republic, south to northern Angola and DR Congo.
Along rivers; swampy places; forest on firm ground; gallery; rain-forest; open forest with Gaertnera paniculata; secondary rain-forest with Aulacocalyx jasminiflora, Whitfieldia lateritia, etc.; at elevations up to 1,515 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. There are mixed views on the quality of the fruit - in Gabon, for example, it is generally seen as having a vinous taste and is much appreciated, in some other areas the fruits are seen as tasting and smelling of turpentine and they are not liked by many of people[
].The black fruits are up to 25mm long[
Seed. Rich in oil[
The bark is aromatic with a smell like balsam. It yields an oleo-resin, though its use for therapeutic purposes is not recorded in West Africa[
The bark is used as a treatment against chest complaints[
]. The powdered bark, mixed with salt and palm-oil, is given to children as a treatment for whooping-cough, and is also considered to be vermifugal[
The powdered bark is sprinkled on the sores of yaws[
]. Bark-decoctions are used in massages and vapour-baths to treat fever-pains and eczema[
Tannins, steroids and terpenes have been recorded in the bark and roots[
The bark is aromatic with a smell like balsam. It yields an oleo-resin[
The greyish to yellowish brown wood is fine-grained and even-textured. It is used to make a number of domestic articles and is also used for carving. The adventive aerial roots are used to decorate axe-handles and hunting-bows[
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