Amoora tomentosa Korth. ex Blume
Canarium korthalsii Miq.
Canarium micrantherum Stapf ex Ridl.
Santiria mollissima Ridl.
Santiria tomentosa is a tree growing 15 - 35 metres tall, with some specimens up to 50 metres having been recorded. The bole can be 20 - 80cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of wood. The wood is a source of 'kedondong' timber, which is used locally and also traded.
Although the tree is common and widely distributed, the wood is commonly harvested as one of the main sources of kedondong timber, which it is used for indoor construction. The plant is currently classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.
An upper canopy tree in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and keranga forests at elevations up to 500 metres[
]. Primary forests on dry or swampy grounds, sometimes in periodically inundated localities[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Usually found in the wild on sandy soils, but also on clay and occasionally on limestone[
This species is usually dioecious, in which case both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required, but there are also reports of monoecious trees where the flowers of both sexes can be found on the same tree[
The fruits, after being boiled, are eaten[
]. The purple, fleshy drupes are about 17mm long[
An oil is pressed out of the fleshy fruit[
The timber, though not very durable, is used for indoor-construction[
This species is one of the main sources of kedondong timber, which is obtained from several species in the family Burseraceae. We do not have a specific description of the wood for this species, but the general description of kedondong wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is generally a light brown; it is not sharply demarcated from the 3 - 5cm wide band of lighter-coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately fine and even; the grain is interlocked to wavy; the surface is lustrous. The wood is light in weight; moderately hard; not very durable, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons somewhat slowly with only a slight risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; it is moderately easy to slightly difficult to plane; finishes smooth to rough; can be easy to very difficult to bore; slightly difficult to difficult to turn; nailing and screwing properties are good; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for internal use as a general utility timber for planking, cladding, plywood, flooring, furniture, packing cases, pallets and general carpentry work[
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