Anagallis aquatica Endl. ex Ledeb.
Samolus americanus Spreng.
Samolus aquaticus Lam.
Samolus beccabungae-facie Gilib.
Samolus caulescens Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Samolus floribundus Kunth
Samolus geniculatus Dulac
Samolus parviflorus Raf.
Common Name: Brookweed
Samolus valerandi is a short creeping, annual to perennial plant growing 5 - 50cm tall. The stem can be simple or branched[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild as a local source of food and medicines. A very ornamental plant, it is often grown in water gardens[
Most regions of the world, including Britain, usually near the sea.
Wet places, especially near the sea[
], also in shallow water, avoiding acid soils and shade[
]. Water level on stream banks, in swamps, in drying riverbeds, along coasts and in dunes at elevations up to 3,000 metres in tropical Africa[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Brookweed can be found from the cold temperate zone right through to the tropics, at elevations from sea level to 3,000 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 16 - 24°c, but can tolerate 12 - 32°c[
]. The plant can tolerate considerable frost[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 500 - 1,300mm, but tolerates 300 - 1,500mm[
Prefers a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil in a wet position or in shallow water[
], and can survive submersion for some months[
]. Dislikes shade or acid soils. Tolerant of moderate levels of salt in the soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 7 - 8.5, tolerating 6.5 - 9[
Young leaves - raw or cooked[
]. A rather bitter flavour[
]. Not highly valued, it is more likely to be eaten if better foods are not available[
The leaves are antiscorbutic[
The plant is used as a remedy for itch, ringworm and other skin rashes[
Seed - surface sow, standing the pot in about 3cm of water. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and gradually increase the depth of water as the plants grow until it is level with the tops of the pots. Plant out when large enough.
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