Pipturus asper Wedd.
Pipturus fauriei Yamam.
Urtica arborescens Link
Pipturus arborescens is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The bole can be around 10cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of fibre.
E. Asia - southern China (Taiwan), southern Japan (Ryuku Islands), Philippines
Sunny thickets in secondary forests, low hills; at elevations from 200 - 500 metres in Taiwan[
]. To 2,000 metres in the Philippines[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The composite fruits are edible[
]. The white fruit is very soft and fleshy - consisting of many small achenes immersed in the fleshy perianths, it is about 10mm in diameter[
Scrapings from the bark are used externally as a cataplasm for boils[
Phytochemical screening of leaves yielded anthrones, flavonoids, glycosidic flavonoids, phenolic compounds, steroids, tannins, triterpenes, anthraquinones and coumarins[
Fibres from the bark are used to make rope[
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