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Useful Tropical Plants

Paspalum notatum

Flüggé

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Paspalum distachyon Willd. ex Döll

Paspalum saltense Arechav.

Paspalum taphrophyllum Steud.

Paspalum uruguayense Arechav.

Common Name:

Paspalum notatum
Flowering plants
Photograph by: Harry Rose
Creative Commons License
Paspalum notatum Paspalum notatum Paspalum notatum Paspalum notatum Paspalum notatum

General Information

Paspalum notatum is a creeping, perennial grass with culms that can grow 15 - 50cm long. Spreading by means of long, fibrous, rhizome-like stolons that root at the nodes to form new growth, the plant can form a dense mat of growth, especially when cut regularly as in a lawn[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It is a deep-rooting plant, with roots that can descend 200 - 250cm into the soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The plant is a good soil stabilizer and an excellent, hard-wearing lawn grass.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru.

Habitat

Open ground, savannahs, and pastures[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.20 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the tropical and subtropical zones, where it is found at elevations up to 2,000 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 18 - 30°c, but can tolerate 5 - 36°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. When dormant, the roots of the plant can survive temperatures down to about -10°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -1°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 900 - 2,100mm, but tolerates 750 - 2,500mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Although not ideally adapted to the lowland tropics, it has potential for use in plantation crops because of its tolerance to moderate shade[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Grows best with a little shade, but can succeed in full sun and also in quite dense shade - it is very tolerant of shade and 35% higher yield has been measured under 50% shade than in full sunligh[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a light soil, but succeeds in a wide range of soils, including those of low fertility[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.2, tolerating 4.3 - 8.3[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The plant has good drought tolerance; has been known to survive 36 days of flooding; and has some salt tolerance[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Plants can invade pastures and become weeds[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Viable seed is spread through dissemination in faeces[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Poor seedling competitiveness limits the plant's spread, but once it is established, it spreads strongly by virtue of the stout ground-appressed stolons, and strong root system[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Dry matter yields are usually between 3 - 8 tonnes per hectare, but can be up to 20 tonnes[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Bahia grass is used to protect slopes and terraces from soil erosion[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is also used as a lawn grass and provides suitable material for compost or mulch[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is valuable for heavy-duty turf such as is needed on airports, highway shoulders, and grass roadways[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
The plant is used as a ley in four-year rotations to reduce nematode damage to tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) and peanuts (Arachis hypogaea)[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
It is used for erosion control. It is also used as a lawn grass and it

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - freshly harvested seed mostly has a high level of dormancy that breaks down over a period of up to 3 years. Hammer-milling dormant seed or treatment with sulphuric acid helps to break dormancy. However, machine-harvested seed from the previous season is usually suitable for sowing. Seedlings develop slowly, so to minimise competition, a clean, weed-free seedbed is required. Seed should be placed up to 1cm deep (or on the surface), and rolled with a heavy roller. Seed is normally sown at 2 - 5 kg/ha[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Division of stolon pieces.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-01-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Paspalum+notatum>

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