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Useful Tropical Plants

Paspalum distichum

L.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Anastrophus paspalodes (Michx.) Nash

Anastrophus paspaloides (Michx.) Nash

Digitaria disticha (L.) Fiori & Paol.

Digitaria paspalodes Michx.

Dimorphostachys oaxacensis (Steud.) E.Fourn. ex Hemsl.

Milium distichum (L.) Muhl.

Milium paspalodes (Michx.) Elliott

Panicum digitaria (Poir.) Latirr.

Panicum digitarioides Raspail ex Steud.

Panicum fernandezianum Colla

Panicum paspaliforme J.Presl

Panicum polyrrhizum J.Presl

Paspalum berteroanum Balb. ex Colla

Paspalum bracteatum Dufour ex Kunth

Paspalum chepica Steud.

Paspalum digitaria Poir.

Paspalum elliottii S.Watson

Paspalum fernandezianum Colla

Paspalum glaucifolium Berter ex Colla

Paspalum michauxianum Kunth

Paspalum oajacense Hemsl.

Paspalum oaxacense Steud.

Paspalum paspaliforme J.Presl

Paspalum paspalodes (Michx.) Scribn.

Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey

Paspalum polyrrhizum J.Presl

Paspalum schaffneri Griseb. ex E.Fourn.

Paspalum vaginatum pubescens Döll

Common Name: Salt Water Couch

Paspalum distichum
Plant growing by and in the water
Photograph by: Not known
GNU Free Documentation License
Paspalum distichum Paspalum distichum Paspalum distichum Paspalum distichum Paspalum distichum

General Information

Salt water couch is a perennial grass with erect culms that can be 15 - 60cm tall. The plant forms large mats of growth by virtue of its long creeping rhizomes and stolons[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
An excellent choice of species for binding the soil in saline conditions. The plant is sometimes also grown as a lawn in the tropics, where it is tolerant of watering with saline water[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Chile, Argentina north through much of the continent, through C. America and the Caribbean as far north as New Jersey, Oregon and Idaho.

Habitat

Sands and muds near the seashore; saline soil; swamps; wet marshlands; polluted shallow water; along irrigation ditches, etc at elevations up to 1,700 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental

Cultivation Details

A plant of the temperate zone to the tropics. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 30°c, but can tolerate 1 - 36°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about °c, but young growth can be severely damaged at °c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 600 - 750mm, but tolerates 400 - 1,200mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Grows best in a sunny position, tolerating light shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Succeeds in most fertile soils, tolerating high levels of salt in the soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Succeeds in waterlogged soils and tolerates inundation by salt water[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 6, tolerating 5 - 7[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
A common weed from the warm temperate zone to the tropics[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. In direct-seeded rice it is a serious weed that grows vigorously under favourable conditions[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It may become a serious weed in irrigation channels[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Useful in erosion control on salted lands and areas reclaimed from tidal influences[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
A useful soil binder along stream banks and on sandy sea shores[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - it shows some dormancy, which seems to require cold to break[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
]. It germinates best at 20 - 30°c[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

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