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Useful Tropical Plants

Nageia wallichiana

(C.Presl) Kuntze

Podocarpaceae

+ Synonyms

Decussocarpus wallichianus (C.Presl) de Laub.

Nageia blumei (Endl.) Gordon

Nageia latifolia Gordon

Podocarpus agathifolius Blume

Podocarpus blumei Endl.

Podocarpus latifolius Blume

Podocarpus latifolius Wall.

Podocarpus wallichianus C.Presl

Common Name:

Nageia wallichiana
Drawing of the leaves and male cones
Photograph by: Wallich, N., Plantae Asiaticae Rariores, vol. 1: t. 30 (1830) [Vishnupersaud]
Creative Commons License
Nageia wallichiana Nageia wallichiana Nageia wallichiana

General Information

Nageia wallichiana is an evergreen tree with a conical crown of horizontal branches; it usually grows up to 10 metres tall, but specimens up to 54 metres have been recorded. In larger specimens the straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 30 metres and up to 60cm in diameter, though it is often much less[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
,
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
]. It is in the lowland rainforest that the tree reaches its greatest size, developing a straight bole and lifting its crown into the canopy. It is, however, not a long-lived emergent and boles usually are rather slender without buttresses indicating modest longevity[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Nageia wallichiana is a highly valued timber tree, especially where it grows into tall, straight trees with a long, clear bole. It is traded as podocarp wood[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The tree is also harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].
Logging and forest clearing must have had, and still do have, a negative impact on the total population size of mature trees, but it is virtually impossible to quantify this over such a large and diverse area. Despite the significant loss of habitat across all lowland tropical forests within Nageia wallichiana's extensive range, it is still relatively common and widespread. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

E. Asia - southwest China, India, Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

A sub-canopy to canopy tree, scattered but often common in primary rainforest with canopy heights to 50 metres or more, occurring from lowlands to montane forested ridges at elevations to 2,100 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

This is the most widespread species in the genus Nageia and perhaps also one of the most truly tropical of all conifers, as it occurs near sea level in Dipterocarp forest on the equator as well as being found in subtropical forests[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Based on data from 64 collection localities, its climate preferences include a mean annual temperature of 24.7°c, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 19°c, and a mean annual precipitation of 2711mm. It is hardy to Zone 9 (cold hardiness limit between -6.6°c and -1.1°c[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].
Plants can succeed in soils with low levels of nutrients[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Leaves are used as a cure for coughs[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. A decoction of the leaves is taken orally as treatment for painful joints[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]

Other Uses

A reddish-orange, scented resin exudes from the bole[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].

A highly valued wood, it is used for musical instruments, chop sticks, fine crafts, furniture, construction and household tools[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
]. Long timber is sawn into planks for construction (mainly house building); other uses of the wood are plywood, veneer, interior finishing, and sometimes the construction of small canoes[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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