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Useful Tropical Plants

Nageia nagi

(Thunb.) Kuntze

Podocarpaceae

+ Synonyms

Agathis veitchii (Henkel & W.Hochst.) Seward & Ford

Dammara veitchii Henkel & W.Hochst.

Decussocarpus nagi (Thunb.) de Laub.

Nageia caesia (Maxim.) Kuntze

Nageia cuspidata (Endl.) Gordon

Nageia formosensis (Dummer) C.N.Page

Nageia grandifolia (Endl.) Gordon

Nageia japonica Gaertn.

Nageia nankoensis (Hayata) R.R.Mill

Nageia ovata Gordon

Podocarpus caesius Maxim.

Podocarpus cuspidatus Endl.

Podocarpus formosensis Dummer

Podocarpus grandifolius Endl.

Podocarpus japonicus J.Nelson

Podocarpus koshunensis (Kaneh.) Kaneh.

Podocarpus nageia R.Br. ex Endl.

Podocarpus nagi (Thunb.) Pilg.

Podocarpus nankoensis Hayata

Podocarpus ovata (Gordon) Henkel & W.Hochst.

Common Name: Nagi

Nageia nagi
Drawing of the leaves and male cones
Photograph by: Siebold, P.F. von, Zuccarini, J.G., Flora Japonica, t. 135 (1875)
Creative Commons License
Nageia nagi Nageia nagi Nageia nagi Nageia nagi

General Information

Nageia nagi is an evergreen shrub or tree usually growing 20 - 30 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 80cm in diameter[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].
Nageia nagi is a valuable timber tree, but its most common use is as an amenity tree in China and Japan, where it is found in many of the climatically milder parts of these countries planted in gardens, parks, sanctuaries, and even as street trees. It is also popular as a tree for bonsai cultivation[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Occurring in lowland mixed evergreen forest, the species has come under threat from habitat declines. Whole plants are also dug up for the horticultural trade. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

E. Asia - Southern China, southern Japan, Taiwan.

Habitat

An understorey to canopy tree in mixed mesophytic evergreen and deciduous forests, in hills and low mountains from 200 - 1,200 metres. On drier slopes it tends to follow streams, but can regenerate in more open thickets after forest disturbance[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height25.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Nageia nagi is an evergreen tree growing mainly in subtropical climates, but extending into the tropics in southern China and also able to be grown in warm temperate zones. The species is hardy to about -20°c, but plants require a 4 month hot humid summer in order to fully mature the new growth and to be able to withstand such cold conditions[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It is best grown in a warm continental climate[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Based on data from 19 collection localities, it grows at elevations of 201 ±198 m. Within its range, the mean annual temperature is 16.7°c, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 4.3°c, and a mean annual precipitation of 1973mm. It is hardy to Zone 8 (cold hardiness limit between -12.1°c and -6.7°c)[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].
It is a shade-tolerant tree when young, but when mature, may become a canopy dominant. It is suitable for growing on feralitic, deep and fertile, loamy-sandy soils[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms must be grown if seed is required[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Edible Uses

Young leaves are occasionally parboiled and eaten[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
].

The seeds yield an edible oil which is also used in industry[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The seeds yield an edible oil which is also used in industry[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. The oil content in the seeds is 30%, and in the nut is 50%. This oil is used in lighting and in industry[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

The wood is yellowish with straight veins and a fine structure. Easy to work, it is not fissured and deformed after seasoning. The wood is used for constructing houses and bridges, making furniture, musical instruments, utensils, carving and handicraft articles[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An extremely valuable website, providing a vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Propagation

Seed - can be sown at any time of the year in a sandy soil, though it is probably best sown as soon as it is ripe[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out when large enough.
Cuttings of half-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 10cm long in a frame[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].

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