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Useful Tropical Plants

Mitragyna ledermannii

(K.Krause) Ridsdale

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Adina ledermannii K.Krause

Fleroya ledermannii (K.Krause) Y.F.Deng

Hallea ciliata (Aubrév. & Pellegr.) J.-F.Leroy

Hallea ledermannii (K.Krause) Verdc.

Mitragyna ciliata Aubrév. & Pellegr.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Fleroya ledermannii is a tree; it can grow up to 36 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be unbranched for up to 20 metres, up to 100cm in diameter and either with low buttresses or none[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. A good general purpose timber, it is commonly harvested for export.
Overexploitation of this general-purpose timber tree, and habitat degradation in large parts of its range, are causing population declines[
884
Title
The World List of Threatened Trees
Publication
 
Author
Oldfield S.; Lusty C.; and MacKinven A.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
World Conservation Press; Cambridge UK
Year
1998
ISBN
1-899628-10 X
Description
A list of the trees on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plant Species in 1998, often giving some information on habitat and the reasons for being on the list. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The sawdust has been known to cause irritation at times[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Guinea to Cameroon and Central African Republic, south to Gabon, Congo, western DR Congo and northern Angola.

Habitat

Swamp-forest and on stream-sides in the closed rain-forest zone[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. A gregarious forest species, restricted to swampy areas,rivers and also in coastal regions[
884
Title
The World List of Threatened Trees
Publication
 
Author
Oldfield S.; Lusty C.; and MacKinven A.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
World Conservation Press; Cambridge UK
Year
1998
ISBN
1-899628-10 X
Description
A list of the trees on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plant Species in 1998, often giving some information on habitat and the reasons for being on the list. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Regeneration is good in wet areas. The tree is able to reproduce vegetatively[
884
Title
The World List of Threatened Trees
Publication
 
Author
Oldfield S.; Lusty C.; and MacKinven A.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
World Conservation Press; Cambridge UK
Year
1998
ISBN
1-899628-10 X
Description
A list of the trees on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plant Species in 1998, often giving some information on habitat and the reasons for being on the list. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is abortifacient, anodyne, antiemetic, ecbolic, febrifuge. It is used in the treatment of debility, pulmonary troubles[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]
The bark is used externally to treat parasitic infections of the skin[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The bark and leaves are used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, venereal diseases[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

The leaves are used to make containers and food-wrappers[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The heartwood is light brown, possibly with coloured veins; it is not demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is fine; the grain straight or interlocked. The wod is light in weight; soft; not durable, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons fairly quickly, with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It often has a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good so long as the wood is pre-bored; gluing is correct. The wood is a good general purpose timber, resistant to some acids, it is used for purposes such as cabinet making, furniture, turnery, carving, interior joinery and panelling, boxes and crates[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-03-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Mitragyna+ledermannii>

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