Adina inermis (Willd.) Roberty
Cephalanthus africanus Rchb. ex DC.
Mitragyna africana (Willd.) Korth.
Nauclea africana Willd.
Nauclea inermis (Willd.) Baill.
Nauclea platanocarpa Hook.f.
Platanocarpum africanum (Willd.) Hook.f.
Stephegyne africana (Willd.) Walp.
Uncaria inermis Willd.
Flower, fruit and leaves
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Mitragyna inermis is a shrub or a tree with a dense, wide crown; it can grow up to 16 metres tall. The bole is up to 60cm in diameter with branches usually forming from low down[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood and a dye, which are used locally.
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Sudan, south to Zaire.
Damp, perennially or seasonally flooded sites, swampy savannah, or the inland side of coastal mangrove swamps[
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Succeeds in full sun. Found in the wild mainly on heavy clay soils[
]. Tolerant of saline soils[
]. Sometimes found in the wild in soils that are inundated for several months of the year[
The plant forms root suckers and responds well to coppicing[
The leaves and bark are febrifuge[
The plant (parts not specified) is diuretic. It is used in the treatment of various conditions, including constipation, stomach disorders, dysentery, rheumatism, malaria, gonorrhoea, syphilis, leprosy, bilharzia, jaundice, mental disorders and epilepsy[
A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[
The branches are used for plaiting baskets[
The light-brown wood is fine-grained, durable in water and resistant to the attacks of termites. It is easy to work, but difficult to split. It is used for carving, tools, writing boards, prayer slates, small utensils etc[
]. Larger pieces are sometimes available and these are used for making furniture, ornamental work, construction etc[
The wood is sometimes used for fuel[
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