Metrodorea atropurpurea Fisch. ex Lem.
Metrodorea brevifolia (Engl.) Engl.
Metrodorea pubescens A.St.-Hil. & Tul.
Metrodorea selloana Engl.
Pilocarpus atropurpureus (Fischer ex Lemaire) Koch in Koch & Fintelman
Metrodorea nigra is an evergreen tree with a dense, flat-topped crown; it can grow 4 - 5 metres tall. The short bole can be 20 - 30cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.
S. America - eastern and northern Brazil.
An understorey plant of the Atlantic rainforest and broadleaved semideciduous forests, found almost exclusively in dense primary formations, favouring moist, lowland areas in valleys and at the foot of slopes[
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Grows best in the shade of woodland[
]. Prefers a moist soil[
A slow-growing plant, reaching a height of up to 1.5 metres within 2 years from seed[
The bark is antipyretic and tonic[
The wood is moderately heavy, hard, compact, with reasonable mechanical properties but of low durability. It is only used for internal purposes in construction as linings, parquet, stays, base boards, frames etc[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. A germination rate in excess of 30% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 20 - 30 days[
]. When the seedbed-sown seedlings are 4 - 6cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 10 - 11 months later[
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