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Useful Tropical Plants

Mangifera quadrifida

Jack ex Roxb.

Anacardiaceae

+ Synonyms

Mangifera langong Miq.

Mangifera longipetiolata King

Mangifera maingayi Hook.f.

Mangifera rigida Blume

Mangifera spathulaefolia Blume

Common Name:

Mangifera quadrifida
Fruits
Photograph by: Ahmad Fuad Morad
Creative Commons License
Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera quadrifida

General Information

Mangifera quadrifida is an evergreen tree with a very dense crown; it can grow up to 51 metres tall, but is more likely to be 20 - 30 metres. The bole is up to 150cm in diameter, usually branching from fairly low down[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fruit and wood. It is sometimes cultivated for its fruits within its native range[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.

Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia.

Habitat

An emergent tree, often in villages or forest gardens as a cultivated tree. In undisturbed lowland forest often found on inundated land or along riversides, at elevations up to 1,000 metres, but usually below 500 metres[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height27.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw. The orange-yellow pulp is rather sweet, with a prune-like smell[
894
Title
The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization.
Publication
 
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.; & Bompard J.M.
Publisher
Academic Press; London
Year
1993
ISBN
0-12-421920-9
Description
A very detailed book about the genus Mangifera, which includes the well-known Mango.
]. The fleshy drupes have an edible but fibrous white flesh[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. The pale green to dark purple fruits are around 70 mm long, containing a single, large seed[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is a source of 'machang' timber[
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. We do not have a specific description for the wood of this speices, but a general description of machang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown or light grey brown, occasionally with chocolate or black streaky coreword; it is not clearly differentiated from the wide band of sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain interlocked and wavy. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not durable under exposed conditions, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The wood seasons somewhat rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, there is a slight difficulty resawing when green, but is easy when dry; planing is easy but the surface produced is moderately smooth with grain pick-up on the radial side; nailing and screwing is excellent; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for light construction, turnery, flooring, interior panelling, boxes, crates, pallets and plywood manufacture[
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. Corewood can be used for decorative veneer production[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
,
895
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods II
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 10
Author
Gan K.S.; Lim S.C.; Choo K.T.
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
1998
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to five lesser known groups of light hardwoods from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-04-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Mangifera+quadrifida>

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