Mangifera lanceolata Ridl.
Mangifera pentandra is an evergreen tree with a massive, wide crown of drooping, gnarled, thick limbs; it can grow up to 28 metres tall. The bole can be up to 90cm in diameter, either unbuttressed or with very short, thick buttresses[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of wood - the wood is also traded. It was once a common village tree in Peninsular Malaysia and old orchards are still found in Peninsular Thailand. It is suspected that the interest in the species is declining in favour of the mango, Mangifera indica, although it is still a useful species for use in improving the genetic stock of the common mango[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia.
Wet, evergreen, lowland forests[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the moist, tropical lowlands, growing in areas with no pronounced dry season[
Fruit - raw[
]. The pale orange pulp is rather watery, sweet flavoured, not very fibrous, rather fragrant[
]. The green, oblong fruit can be 75 - 100mm long and 50 - 65mm wide[
This species could be used in breeding programmes to introduce greater disease resistance to the common mango (Mangifera indica)[
The wood is a source of 'machang' timber[
]. We do not have a specific description for the wood of this speices, but a general description of machang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown or light grey brown, occasionally with chocolate or black streaky coreword; it is not clearly differentiated from the wide band of sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain interlocked and wavy. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not durable under exposed conditions, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The wood seasons somewhat rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, there is a slight difficulty resawing when green, but is easy when dry; planing is easy but the surface produced is moderately smooth with grain pick-up on the radial side; nailing and screwing is excellent; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for light construction, turnery, flooring, interior panelling, boxes, crates, pallets and plywood manufacture[
]. Corewood can be used for decorative veneer production[
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